Pollution Essay

847 words - 4 pages

There are many sources that cause polluted water. Some of these sources governments can control it by several ways. Some other sources are natural, But governments could not do anything. Polluted water was classified to many types. First type of polluted water is surface water pollution such as, ocean, lack, and river. Second type is groundwater, which is found under rocks or underground in soil. It is polluted by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. Also, it is polluted by nutrients which are important for plant growth but it pollute drinking water and clog filters. Also chemical that come from industries causes of water pollution according to Water Pollution Guide (“Types of water pollution,” (4). Drinking, swimming or fishing from the polluted water cause many health problems. For example bacterial infections effect on digestion as typhoid, cholera, paratyphoid fever, bacillary dysentery. Also, viral infections cause infectious hepatitis (jaundice) Poliomyelitis, according to Edugreen (“Health impacts of water pollution,” (5). Unfortunately, according to Dosomething.org website, more than 5,000 people die every day in worldwide because of dirty water. Also, 14 billion pounds of garbage, which almost of this garbage is plastic, are thrown by people on ocean. Regrettably, 46% of the lakes in US are polluted and not fit to fishing or swimming (“11 Facts about Pollution,” (6). Governments make some resolutions to decrease water pollution.
Governments control water pollution by prohibiting spilling oil in water. Some sources of the spilling oil in water are storage facilities, tankers, and oil extraction. In North America 85% of oil is for consumer use according to Environmental Literacy Council (“Oil Spills,” 2008) (21). Also, according to Environmental Literacy Council, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) prevent oil pollution in ocean by global cooperation like the United Nations. Also in 1983, UN made an international agreement which prohibit oil spill in water and reduce the oil that came from shipping industries. After this law in 1989, in US the Exxon Valdez oil shipping exploded in water that costs US a lot to clean up the ocean. As a result US predicate a new rule that will apply in 2015 all tankers must have a double-hull to be more safety (“Oil Spills,” 2008) (21). Preventing oil spills could keep water clean if there are tough punishments.
Governments have faced acid rain which is the second source of water pollution by many solutions. The first solution is that all polluters who cause to...

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