This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Polycystic Kidney Disease Essay

1022 words - 4 pages

Polycystic Kidney Disease, also known as PKD, is a common inherited gene disorder that causes the growth of cysts in the tissues of both the kidneys. The kidneys are a major organ in the excretory system; they remove wastes from the blood and form of urine. They filter the blood, keeping it clean of all wastes and have a number of other functions as well. Due to the growth of cysts on the kidneys it makes it hard to carry out these functions and the will eventually cause the kidneys to fail. This paper will discuss what PKD is, the many symptoms and treatments of PKD, and recent developments in research of this disease.

Polycystic Kidney Disease
Description and Affects
Polycystic Kidney Disease, often referred to as PKD, is a genetic disorder passed down through families and involving bilateral renal cysts, usually without abnormality. The kidneys are located in the upper part of the abdomen, toward the back, and about the size of one’s fist. They filter waste and unneeded fluid from the blood and form urine. When cysts form in or on the kidneys they fill with fluid and become enlarged. The enlargement of the kidneys will result in decreased function and eventually kidney failure. There are two major forms of PKD, autosomal dominant (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive (ARPKD). Both of these can involve the presence of renal cysts at any time during an affected person’s life, from prenatal stages into adulthood.
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited kidney disease. This type is passed from parent to child by an autosomal dominant type of inheritance. This means that only one copy of the abnormal gene is needed to cause the disease. Therefore, if one parent has the disease, each child has a 50-50 chance of developing the disease. The risk is the same for every child, regardless of how many children develop the disease. Boys and girls have the same chance of inheriting the disease. This disorder affects multiple systems in the body, usually starting with a progressive cystic dilation of both kidneys. Sometimes extra manifestations may occur in other areas including the GI tract, the cardiovascular system, the reproductive organs and sometimes the brain. Most common presenting signs and symptoms of ADPKD include: abdominal and side pain or discomfort, hematuria (blood in the urine), recurring urinary tract infections, hypertension, abdominal mass, renal pain and insufficiency and kidney stones.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), once thought to only appear in infancy or early childhood, is a rare inherited form of PKD. This form is passed by an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. This means that both parents must carry at least one of the abnormal genes, and both must pass at least one gene to the child in order for the child to develop the disease. In this situation, every child has a 25 percent chance of...

Find Another Essay On Polycystic Kidney Disease

Caenorhibditis Elegans Essay

883 words - 4 pages -fertilization or by cross-fertilization to form a new organism (Gilbert, 2010). Next, it is used because its simplicity gives a huge advantage in some research. Adams (2008) mentioned that model organisms liked Caenorhabditis elegans is used as model organisms to research PKD genetics which is also known as Polycystic Kidney Disease. PKD is “a genetic disorder in human in which multiple fluid-filled sacs (cysts) grow in a kidney” (Adams, 2008). In

The Human Genome Project Essay

699 words - 3 pages myelogenous leukemia, salt-resistant hypertension, and a type of dwarfism. Chromosome 16 Diseases linked to chromosome 16 are; breast and prostate cancers, Crohns disease and adult polycystic kidney disease. After the full genome sequencing is done there are some things we still will not know such as; Gene number and exact locations and functions, gene regulation, DNA sequence organization, interaction of proteins in complex molecular machines, and developmental genetics, genomics.

Medical Advances

1140 words - 5 pages . Genetic engineering will detect and possibly stop diseases before birth. Many diseases are associated with specific genes that can be checked for disease and replaced if dysfunctional. Genetic testing has already revealed genetic mutations that cause hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, colon cancer, polycystic kidney disease, Alzheimers disease, and others. (5) Replacing missing, altered, inactive, or dysfunctional genes will

Causes and Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome

1369 words - 6 pages Metabolic syndrome is that people with metabolic syndrome have an increased long-term risk for developing heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, kidney disease, and poor blood supply to the legs.. Finally, we will now discuss some of the treatments and ways to prevent this disease. The metabolic syndrome is treated by some lifestyle changes. Some of the lifestyle changes include losing weight, being physically active, following a heart healthy

Prenatal Engineering

2187 words - 9 pages multiple problems, some life threatening. Surely God doesn’t want babies that are going to die within days of birth, or continue through life, facing constant hardships because of health problems that could have easily been prevented. One example of a genetic killer early on is autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), which is caused by a mutation on the PHKD1 gene. Upon two carrier parents having a child there is a 25 percent

Genetic Testing and Screening

1868 words - 7 pages for these genes is becoming possible for a much larger number of diseases. Some of the current DNA tests available diagnose Adult polycystic kidney disease, Alpha-1-Antitrypsin deficiency, familial adenomatous polyposis, hemophilia, Huntington's disease, myotonic dystrophy, and familial breast cancer susceptibility (Munson, 1996). Many more tests are well on the way to being developed. With the possibility of testing for numerous diseases we are

Genetic Testing and Screening

2660 words - 11 pages carrier[3]. Genetic screening is currently available for the following: Sex, abnormal chromosome number, early onset conditions (e.g. sickle cell, cystic fibrosis), late onset conditions (e.g. Huntington disease, polycystic kidney disease), susceptibility to (e.g. hypercholesterol, alcoholism), carriers of recessive genes (e.g. sickle cell, cystic fibrosis) [4]. The Purpose of Genetic Screening To confirm the diagnosis in patients with

Childhood Obesity: Evidence based nursing research

2498 words - 10 pages at risk of several comorbid conditions including diabetes type II (DMII), cardiovascular disease, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, respiratory disorders including exercise intolerance, asthma, and sleep apnea, chronic inflammation, orthopedic issues, cancer, thrombosis, fatty liver, gastric reflux, polycystic ovarian syndrome, depression, body image, and self-esteem disorders. Once termed adult-onset diabetes, DMII has been redefined to

Personal Responsibility And Obesity

2651 words - 11 pages . There are loads of reasons why people living in the United States are overweight. Some of these reasons involve dilemmas within the school arrangements, peer pressure, family genetics, educational issues, and even where a person lives. The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion said that “Some illnesses may lead to obesity or weight gain. These may include Cushing's disease, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Drugs such

Jean Watson's Nursing Theorya nd Philosophy

2224 words - 9 pages not treated according to Watson’s theory there was a significant lowering of their blood pressure, thus improving their quality of life (J. Adv Nursing, 2003). This theory has also been shown to improve the outcomes in the neonatal intensive care unit, end of life care, adults with polycystic kidney disease, depression, and countless others. Important Concepts for Personal Practice Jean Watsons model is one that I see shaping both my student

Diabetes Mellitus

5547 words - 22 pages that it supplies immediate information about blood glucose levels that can be used to make adjustments in food intake, activity patterns, and medication dosages. Pts with type I typically test 4 times per day (before meals and at bedtime).Pancreas TransplantationIs used as a tx option for patients with type I diabetes mellitus who have end-stage renal disease and who have had or plan to have a kidney transplant. Kidney and pancreas transplants are

Similar Essays

Polycystic Kidney Disease Essay

1131 words - 5 pages II. Background Information Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disease that could be passed from generation to generation.. Many cysts forming the kidneys, causing them to become enlarged. Round cysts contain of water-like fluid and they are noncancerous, could grow inside the liver and spread in other parts of the body. Before getting into more close details about the PDK, it is important to understand what function kidney does and why

Diabetes: The Disease Essay

770 words - 4 pages who have one copy of the DR3 haplotype and one copy of the DR4 haplotype in each cell are at the greatest of developing type 1 diabetes. Diabetes can be complicated by many factors, such as: kidney disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, blindness, neuropathy, blindness, and stress. I have seen first-hand how some of these components can lead to the degeneration of a diabetic. My father is type 2 diabetic living with Polycystic kidney disease

Health Risk Associated With Childhood Obesity

2379 words - 10 pages muscle cells do not respond normally to insulin. Insulin carries sugar from blood to the cells, where it is used for energy. If there is insulin resistance, blood sugar does not get into cells to be stored for energy. It is one of the leading causes of coronary heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness. When a child becomes overweight, it causes cells to change, and in turn causes them to become resistant to hormone insulin

Caring For An Aboriginal Patient With Chronic Renal Failure

2832 words - 11 pages kidney (19%), Hypertension (12%), and Polycystic Kidney Disease (5%) Putting the patient at the centre of care Renal failure requires renal replacement therapy as a substitute for renal function through dialysis or kidney transplantation. Dialysis is the separation of solutes, such as drugs and toxins, across a semi membrane into a dialysate either by haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis (Field, Pollock & Harris, 2010, p. 101). Both treatment