Polytheistic Religions And The Super Divine

1613 words - 6 pages

Polytheistic religions and polytheism in itself includes religions that worship many divinities rather then one sole god. This basic principal that defines polytheism has been carried out through many polytheistic religions within history, and plays a huge impact on worship and religion. The four oldest polytheistic practicing religions are the Greek religion, Egyptian religion, and Canaanite religion and Mesopotamian religion. Although these religions have vastly different fundamental ideologies they have a major commonality, the presence of a super divine god that is essentially the highest power. This super divine force is important to polytheism because it is the backbone of many polytheistic religions. The concept of a non-objectified impersonal superior force governing all, even the gods themselves makes these four religions interconnect. These polytheistic religions worship a super divine god, which they distinguish as their own Moria, Yahweh, Neter and Akkadian. A super divine god is needed because humans and gods constantly need to be in fear, have a higher order, maintain order and govern mortals. Humans to be spiritually connected with faith have to believe in something bigger then themselves; this applies to the gods as well. A god that is not the super divine force in these polytheistic religions cannot fulfill the role of the all mighty one. It has been distinguished that this superior force that governs various religions requires special qualities. Polytheism requires a monotheistic like deity to uphold polytheistic religion.

Max Weber stated, “Polytheism entails a good deal more than worshipping many gods instead of only one. The most fundamental characteristic of polytheistic religions is that the gods do not reign supreme” (Zeitlin 29). He makes the point that the many gods that are worshipped fail to be the “super divine impersonal force to which these gods always remain subject” (Zeitlin 29). This ideology is presented heavily through polytheistic religions. In the Greek religion Moria, which stands for “fate”, has predetermined vocations for not only man but also the many gods who work under him. This super divine power fate is so prevailing that even Zeus the supreme ruler of other gods poses no threat to Moria’s powers. Moria creates a thread of fate for every god and predetermines everything within a god and mortal’s life. No god could defy this thread of events. No one could alter with Moria’s power and this essentially made Moria the most powerful god in existence. Zeus could not even save his own son because fate had decreed a fortune for him that is out of his control. Weber writes, “It is not in any other gods power to “avoid the fate that is ordained” (Zeitlin 30). In the Greek religion what makes the super divine god almighty is because it shares no human god like traits. It is alone in its power and its manifestation. Moria like the other gods is not dependent on humans, sacrifice, lust nor war. These are all...

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