Pompt 1 Essay

1124 words - 5 pages

Executive branches of Turkey and India are weak compared to the legislative branches of their respective countries. The head of state for Turkey is the president and the current president was elected by the Turkish Grand National Assembly, but after a 2007 Constitutional revision the next presidential election will be election by the citizens. Having parliament elect the president is concentrating power in the legislative branch of Turkey’s government but an election by the people is dispersion of power because the election is now in the hands of the people. The power of the president is outlined under Article 104 of Turkey’s constitution. The president is able to review laws passed by the legislature and ask for reconsideration (Article 104). The president appoints the prime minister, whose job is limited to implementing a vote of confidence in parliament and nominating ministers for the cabinet (Article 110).
Furthermore, a president and prime minister is also present in India’s government. India’s president is appointed by the legislative body and has minimal legislative power. The president’s power over the legislature is limited to asking for a review of bill that is asked for him to sign (Article 356). Once again, power is concentrated into the legislative branch by giving them the power to appoint the president. The prime minister is appointed by the president, and is responsible for leading the cabinet and advising the president (Article 78). The presidents of both countries are largely ceremonial because of the power concentrated within the legislature.
The legislative powers of both India and Turkey are stronger than their executive branch, and both are unitary forms of government. India’s parliament is made up of a bicameral legislature, which is powerful. The upper house and lower house share some differences in political power and in the election process. India’s parliament is able to make any law not mentioned on the State list or Concurrent list (Article 248)., if deemed necessary as a national interest. If deemed necessary, then the upper house may pass a resolution as a law with two-thirds majority with regards to any State powers, and apply it on a national level or state level (Article 249). The power of amending the constitution belongs strictly to Parliament (Article 368). India’s bicameral legislation is designed to have the upper house review legislation passed by the lower house. The lower house (Lok Sabha) is directly elected by citizens and the seats in the lower house are proportionally distributed to states based on their population. The lower house has a slight edge in power over the upper house in India’s legislature. Financial bills can only originate and pass in Lok Sabha, and the Rajya Sabha is only able to delay the approval of financial legislation (Article 109). There are 530 members elected by the states and 20 seats belonging to Indian territories (Article 81). If the President deems that the Anglo-Indian...

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