Ponemang Suprasegmental Essay

1203 words - 5 pages

Ponemang SuprasegmentalAng ponemang suprasegmental ay pantulong sa ponemang segmental upang higit na maging mabisa ang pakikipag-usap.Ito ay tumutukoy sa makahulugang yunit ng tunog na karaniwang hindi tinutumbasan ng mga letra sa pagsulat. Sa halip, sinisimbolo ito ng notasyong phonemic upang matukoy ang paraan ng pagbigkas. Sa pag-gamit ng suprasegmental, malinaw ba baipahahayag ang damdamin, saloobin, at kaisi[ang nais ipahayag ng nagsasalita. Sa pakikipagtalastasan, matutukoy natin ang kahulugan, layunin o intonasyon ng pahayag o ng nagsasalita sa pamamagitan ng diin, tono, o intonasyon, at antala o hinto sa pagbibigkas at pagsasalita.Apat ang maaaring kilalaning ponemang suprasegmental: tono, haba, diin, at antala. Tumutukoy ang tono sa taas-baba ng bigkas ng pantig ng isang salita, ang haba sa haba ng bigkas sa patinig ng pantig, ang diin sa lakas ng pagbigkas sa pantig, at ang antala sa saglit na pagtigil na ginagawa sa pagsasalita.1. Tono. Ang tono ang taas-baba na inuukol sa pagbigkas ng pantig ng isang salita upang higit na maging mabisa ang pakikipag-usap. Tingnan ang sumusunod na halimbawa:a) 3 b) 32 na 2 niKa 1 ka 1ni naSa a), mataas ang tono ng ikatlong pantig samantalang sa b), ang ikalawang pantig ang may mataas na tono. Kapag ang pagbigkas ng mga pantig ng iasng salita tulad ng sa a), ang nagsasalita ay nagpapahayag ng pagdududa o pagtatanong. Kapag naman ang pagbigkas ng mga pantig ng isang salita ay tulad ng sa b), ang nagsasalita ay nagpapahayag ng katiyakan sa kanyang sinasabi.Sa ating halimbawa, ang kahulugan ng salitang kanina ay nagbabago. Tumutukoy pa rin ito sa isang panahon kadaraan pa lamang. Ngunit, dahil sa tono, nagkaroon ito ng dagdag na diwang ibig ipahatid ng bumigkas-pagdududa,pagtatanong, o pagtitiyak.2. Haba at Diin. Tumutukoy ang haba sa haba ng bigkas na iniuukol ng nagsasalita sa patinig ng pantig ng salita. Ang diin naman ay tumutukoy sa lakas ng bigkas ng pantig ng salita. Ang lakas ng pagbigkas sa pantig at ang haba ng pagbigkas sa patinig nito ang nagbibigay ng tamang kahulugan sa maraming salita.Halimbawa:ka SA ma b) ka sa MASa a), binibigyan ng diin ang pantig na SA at hinahabaan ang bigkas sa pantig na A. Ang kahulugan ng salitang ito ay taong kasabay sa lakad. Sa b),binibigyan ng diin ang pantig na MA at iniiksian ang bigkas sa pantig na A. Ang kahulugan ng salitang ito ay taong may-ari ng lupa o ang taong nagtatrabaho sa kanyang lupa.3. Antala. Ang antala ay saglit na pagtigil sa pagsasalita upang higit na maging malinaw ang mensaheng nais ipaabot sa kausap. Halimbawa, ano ang kaibahan ng a) sa b)?a.Hindi pula ang suot mo.b.Hindi, pula ang suot mo.Sa a), walang antala sa pagitan ng hindi at pula. Ang kahulugan nito ay magkaibang kulay at hindi pula ang suot ng kausap. Sa b), may antala sa pagitan ng hindi at pula. Ito ay nangangahulugang pula at hindiibang kulay ang suot ng kausap. Sa pagsusulat, ang antala ay inihuhudyat ng koma, tuldok, semicolon o colon. Pagsasanay 1A. Isulat kung pagdududa...

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