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Poor Living And Working Conditions As The Reason For Bolsheviks' Seizure Of Power In 1917

1077 words - 4 pages

Poor Living and Working Conditions as the Reason for Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power in 1917

Around eighty percent of Russia’s population were peasants who lived
in communities. Living and working conditions for most peasants were
dreadful, famine and starvation were common. People worked for long
hours, their wages were low and rent was high. In factory towns people
lived in overcrowded slums and there were very few sanitary
facilities. Poor living and working conditions existed all the way,
while other causes of the Bolshevik seizure of power came in later on.
Peasants wanted change, but they were not getting it. The peasants
became furious and more issues got worse for them. Everything added up
towards their dissatisfaction. The 1917 Bolshevik seizure of power
would not have occurred had conditions not been so bad, however if
this was the most important reason, the seizure would have occurred
sooner.

The provisional government was led by, Alexander Kerensky, leader of
social Revolutionary Party. Kerensky introduced many reforms e.g.
freedom of speech and universal suffrage. Many of these reforms were
popular. When the provisional government came into power a lot of
things started to go wrong. Inflation grew worse and prices were ten
times high, there were severe food shortages and peasants began to
seize land from noble estates. However Kerensky made a crucial mistake
by deciding to go on with the war, so he like the Tsar lost support of
the army. The troops in Petrograd were now under the control of
Soviets and refused to obey the government. All these factors allowed
the Bolsheviks to make another bid for power. However this is not the
most important reason for the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power as if they
had not been ‘the appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks’, the provisional
government would not have been at risk of being overthrown.

In 1911 Stolypin was assassinated and, in the years 1911-1914,
protests and strikes began to increase. Nicholas II took Russia into
the First World War. The First World War had created conditions in
Russia that favoured the revolution. The war worsened Russian
conditions, food and fuel shortages in the town led to protests and
strikes, the agricultural system crumbled due to lack of workers, the
railway system began to collapse, it was increasingly difficult to get
food and fuel supplies to the city. Bad leadership in the front and
lack of equipment and clothing led to mutinies in the army. The war
speeded up the process of change-people had soon had enough with the
Tsar and of what they thought was a pointless war. Most people wanted
a short victorious war, but there was a shortage of rifles and other
munitions equipment, military leadership was bad. In cities...

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