The investiture controversy was conflict between church and state. Those days, Henry was most powerful king in Europe, but Gregory willing to give him problems and wanted to dominate the state. Gregory was threatened the king, but the problem was that he was without any military power and this made him vulnerable. At that time bishops were important political figure and the main issue of conflict was bishop’s appointment because the Pope and the king both wanted to make bishops in their favor. Moreover, Pope decided to put an end to civil authority over the church. He declared only the church had the right to appoint, transfer, or remove bishops, but King began to appoint his own bishops.
When the Saxon war was going defectively, the king made an advisory committee to advise him to talk Gregory .Pope assumed this favorable sign that the king would come and talk to him before the coronation. Henry won a military victory in 1075 in Saxon war and he had begun to restore ...view middle of the document...
He also abused him being a sinner, so he was not able to have the church blessing. Further, he wrote if he wanted the blessing from the church, he must have been separated from excommunicated persons and must be taken a proper penance and acknowledge him the measure of penitence according his fault. King Henry had sent many devoted letters and showed modesty and kind words, but Gregory did not believe him and thought the king was not devoted to the church.
When King Henry received this letter, he answered him addressing Hildebrand. The king accused him to be false monk. He used to force and violence for them who opposed him. He wanted to control both secular and religious persons. Further, he declared that he is a king through the will of god and not on the will of the pope, so only God could judge him. Moreover, he wrote he was not only anointed archbishops, priests but he had scared and abused them .He treated them as an own servant. He wanted to show himself a great and wiser person, so he treated bishop and priest are like a fool. If he was such a great wisdom, he should use this wisdom for creation not for destruction. Yet, King Henry endured all his activities for the honor of the papal office, but Gregory assumed it weakness of the king and tried to attack his royal authorities. He thought kingship and Kingdome had just received from him. On the name of Jesses Crist, Gregory had obtained this status from cunning way with the help of the sword and he had used this power wrongly. If he appointed a layman as priest who could judge and dispose other wiser priest, appointed by the royal authority .St peter himself said “Fear god honor the king”, but Gregory had done opposite. He did not fear God and dishonored king whom God established .St pitter told to teach true doctrine, but he was teaching false. Thus the king Henry descend Pop Gregory in his letter.
According to those arguments, Emperor Henry IV has the better argument and I would judge him winner of the controversy. According to Gregory VII letter he wanted to show himself more powerful person .He thought only he should have all the authority to appoint priest bishops in all churches also he thought they had more power and they could judge all other bishops. He wanted to be more powerful than king Henry IV .These all shows he was an arrogant and false pope.