Pope John Paul Ii Essay

957 words - 4 pages

The Early YearsPope John Paul's original name before he became Pope was Karol Joseph Wojtyla. Karol Wojtyla was born on May 18, 1920 in Wadowice Poland. Emilia, Karol's mother died on April 13, 1929 and with no mother he began a spiritual devotion to the Virgin Mary. Karol and his father, Karol Wojtyla Sr., had become closer and they lived off the small military pension. The winter of 1930, Karol's older brother Edmund died. Karol was educated in a school with less anti-Semitism and was a popular student. Karol realized that he was more interested in acting than priesthood, but his father sent him to Jagiellonian University to study philosophy. In 1939, Karol's university years were interrupted by the Nazi invasion of Poland. Life was more brutal than before as Karol lived under Nazi occupation and his father died February 18, 1941. Karol was now 20 years old and lost his mother, brother as well as his father leaving Karol with no family.After the death of Karol's father, Karol wanted to fulfill his father's wish by becoming a priest. Karol shocked his acting friends by entering an underground seminary run secretly by the Archbishop of Krakow, a talented cardinal. Karol chose to study priesthood even though the Nazi's would kill priests. It was risky, at 23, he was hit by a tram and later he was hit by a military truck that left him for death. He was only saved from a woman that noticed he was unconscious and took him to the hospital. Once Karol got out of the hospital, for the next two years he was a factory worker, underground actor and clandestine seminarian. In 1946, Karol Wojtyla had become a priest.Rising to the TopOn January 13, 1964, Wojtyla was named the archbishop at 44 years old. Wojtyla took great power as the archbishop. He demanded permits to build churches, defended youth groups and said that the government should fear him. Wojtyla wrote Love and Responsibility and became a favorite of Pope Paul VI. Wojtyla wrote most of the Pope's encyclical Humanae Vitae that condemned abortion and birth control.In 1967, Wojtyla was appointed cardinal being the second youngest living cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.Pope John Paul IIOn August 6, 1978, Pope Paul VI died and Wojtyla had to go to Rome. Thirty-three days later, the new Pope, Pope John Paul had died of a heart attack. In October 1978 Wojtyla takes the name Pope John Paul II. He was the first Polish Pope and the first non-Italian in more than 450 years. Pope John Paul II was considered a different Pope. He was the first Pope to wear shirtsleeves, use a computer, keep himself physically active and travel around the world. Pope John Paul II refused to relax celibacy vows and reaffirmed the...

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