Population Change In Australia Essay

992 words - 4 pages

This year, the number of people living in Australia is approximately 21, 600,000. Over the years, this number has changed dramatically, increasing by 12.5% in the past decade. Australia's population is constantly varying, although the resident population is not the only factor. The population of Australia is changing in density, age groups, as well as in immigration.Australia is continually changing in population density. It is shown that 85% of the people live within fifty kilometres of the coastline, and 87% live in urban centres with populations over one thousand. Over the years, the rural population density has declined as the urban areas have grown larger. Rural Australia has the fastest population decline. In 1933, 37.4% of the population lived in the rural areas but recently in 1976 it is shown that only 13.9% do. Urbanisation constantly happens because of things like better employment opportunities, or because there are not many job offers available in the country. Some people are not suited for quiet town life, find it boring, and want to be where all the action is. Many students come for better education available in the city. Urbanisation, however, has created many problems for the environment. As the city population becomes larger the outer suburbs slowly start to grow outwards and bigger to accommodate the increasing number of people. The natural environment is damaged because more space is required for construction, which causes disrupted ecosystems and destroyed habitats. The more humans occupy one area, the more pollution, waste and disruption is caused. Larger cities demand more energy, and also, because of the growing population there will be more pressure on the government to supply basic facilities and infrastructure.Australia's population has slowly been ageing over the years. In the next few decades, it is predicted that numbers of people over 65 will grow significantly, and the population of people under 15 will decrease at the same rate. The number of people aged sixty-five years or more has increased from 10.8% to 13.3% between June 1988 and June 2008, gaining 2.4%. Australia's population is ageing due to increased life expectancy, declining fertility rates, and lower mortality rates. The life expectancy of Australians is growing because of better medical and lower mortality rates, and is due to increase even more. Today having children is not as important to people as it was. If birth rates were the same as they were in 1973, there would have been approximately 100,000 more births in 1998. Also, the people born in the 'baby-boomers' period from 1946 to 1961 are set to retire in 2010. There are many consequences from our ageing population. As most of our population are the elderly, there will be fewer workers. This has a negative impact on our economy. The government must spend more on pensions, healthcare and facilities for them. More money is required to do this and this will impose a greater burden for tax payers, as...

Find Another Essay On Population Change in Australia

Teaching and Learning 'Rate of Change'' (Slope) in Senior Secondary Schools in Australia

1939 words - 8 pages Analysing understanding is an essay which will discuss the researched issue of Teaching and Learning of ’rate of change (slope)’ in Senior Secondary Schools in Australia. Students require a contextual knowledge of slope “so that they come to see slope as a graphical representation of the relationship between two quantities’ (Center for Algebraic Thinking (CAT), 2014). Without the multiple understandings required to master ‘rate of change’ and

The Change of the Division of Powers in Australia since 1901

1381 words - 6 pages The decision for Australia to adopt the Federal system was on the principle of which the State’s governments wanted to keep their power. For this reason there was the separation of powers between the newly formed Commonwealth government and the existing State governments. At a constitutional level, there are rulings in which the powers are separated, these rulings due to disputes have slightly changed since 1901. These changes all fell towards

Society And Culture- Social And Cultural Continuity And Change: Aboriginal Society In Australia

1323 words - 6 pages Society and Culture- Social and Cultural Continuity and ChangeAboriginal society in AustraliaSince the Aboriginal people of Australia first came into contact with the Europeans that settled here there have been many positive and negative changes to the way they are educated today in contrast to how they were educated in their traditional society. Though many of the things being taught have changed, the ways of teaching them are being kept

Driving forces that have lead to language change in Australia

1117 words - 4 pages me very happy.Amanda Dunn is a senior writer at The Age. Twitter: @amandadunn10This story was found at: http://www.theage.com.au/comment/chillax-dudes-the-kids-talk-all-right-20130913-2tq5b.htmlAttitudes to language use and change amongst young peopleConsider the following questions.Use them to formulate evidence on contemporary discussion of language to use in your essay:Discuss the use of the words; 'povo' (5) , 'fugly' (8) , 'teenage girl-dom

Asthma

492 words - 2 pages Australia (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)·11.6% of population self-reported having asthma in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)·10.5% of male population self-reported having asthma in Australia 2001 (ABS 2001 National Health Survey, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)·11.5 girls per 100 population under 14 have at some time been diagnosed with asthma in Australia 2001

Southeast Asia Prehistoric Settlers: James Cook

1461 words - 6 pages in Australia. Also aging of the population and pressure on infrastructure is becoming a problem in Australia. Ten percent of the world’s biodiversity is in Australia, and most exist nowhere else in the world. Most of their populations are along the eastern coasts. Is it a High (Complex) culture or Low (Simple) culture Australia is a low culture. This mean Australian's has become diverse and treat one another equal. Australia is similar to Canada

Immigration to Australia

2116 words - 8 pages Australia’s population growth is immigration. “At the end of World War II, Australia’s population stood at just over 7 million, with around 90 percent born in Australia.” (Australian Immigration) The migration program has changed the population markedly. There has been a change in the natural population increase and migration has resulted in a population of more than 19 million. Today, nearly 77 percent are Australian-born. Still, the contribution

Australia Day, January 26th. Do we need to reconsider?

1261 words - 6 pages reconcile. ‘Enjoy the day as a public holiday; celebrate it in a way that the individual feels is most important. But do it as a way to reconcile, so that we as a nation can work together.’ – Dr Tom Calma (Freri, 2014) Contributing to this outlook, many are convinced that perhaps the title of Australia Day should be changed rather than the date. To turn the emphasis towards the idea of change, rather than the date itself; in turn society could

Australia became a multi-ethnic country

927 words - 4 pages bare and useless after such tragedy. People felt something was needed to be done. Thus they left for the land that was free of such chaos, Australia.In results of migration of people, there were many effects in Australia.At such a high rate of people flowing into Australia there was population growth. The population shot up from nine million to nineteen million. Ten million increase had a big impact on Australia.Government passed an act called

Australia: 1700 to Present

3119 words - 13 pages society. The tribes usually kept to themselves, except for when trading, and the kinship groups were made of large immediate and extensive families. Over time, when the British moved people into Australia, this changed to model a more Europeanized society, like that of Britain. To kick off the large diversity in the ethnicities and the change in society of Australia, convicts, slaves, and various people were transported to Australia from Britain

The White Australia Policy

1704 words - 7 pages ' into society, new policies were introduced and reviewed over time. First they tried an assimilation policy, then when that wasn't working, an integrationist view was taken, which led to multiculturalism as we know it in Australia today.AssimilationThe settlement program for these newly accepted immigrants was one of assimilation. Australia was still determined to keep its Anglo-Celtic culture and didn't want any migrants to change this

Similar Essays

Health For The Indigenous Population In Australia

1264 words - 6 pages compared to others in the indigenous population. When comparing Indigenous Australian’s health with non-Indigenous Australians the amount of poor health of aboriginals in Australia is now so low that almost half of Native men and over a third of women die before they turn 50 whilst the non-indigenous population is estimated to live for 81 years. The dynamic view of health refers to how our level of health is always changing. This can be month to

Climate Change And Air Pollution In Australia

1215 words - 5 pages Climate Change and Air Pollution in Australia Air Pollution Fortunately for Alice Springs and much of the Northern Territory, its remote location and low population density mean that the city is not a large source of air pollution. In fact, in a report issued by the Northern Territory Minister of Infrastructure, Planning, and Environment, it is said that while doing testing for the National Environmental Protection

Agents Of Change Salinity In Australia

1595 words - 6 pages The increase in salinity is becoming one of the most significant environmental problems in Australia. It is destroying the Australian landscapes and is a serious threat to our native species and functioning ecosystems as well has having a major impact on species diversity. Although salinity occurs, to some extent, naturally in some areas, the problem is being increased by some farming practices.There are two types of soil salinity, dryland

Climate Change In Australia What Is Climate Change? How Will It Affect Life In Australia?

1343 words - 5 pages Honours Programme Principal's Essay 2007Topic: What is climate change? How will it affect life in Australia?StudentMentor teacherHonours Programme Principal's Essay 2007What is climate change? How will it affect life in Australia?World wide, we are facing a severe problem known as climate change, climate change is caused by global warming, this doesn't mean that the whole earth will become hotter, in some areas the climate will become colder