Population Control Essay

1122 words - 4 pages

Population Control

"The population problem has no technical solution; it requires a fundamental extension in morality."
-Garrett Hardin

"The prediction that spawned a generation of alarmist has now in turned on its head.
But the prospect of an emptier planet is creating its own set of problems."
-Ben J Wattenberg

The realization of the world's population crisis is creating new and disturbing ideas by many people to solve our over population problem. Many ideas are being condoned as well as being criticized. Examples set by other countries such as China and India should help the United States establish a policy that is moral and can solve over population, if there is a problem at all.
Most people believe that the population of the world today is growing at an exponential rate. Environmentalists, politicians, and the concerned public are trying to prove that we are depleting our resources and are slowly killing ourselves. Others argue that technology and new inventions will fix and solve our population problems, and that the population growth is actually slowing down. .
As of October 1999', the world obtained 6 billion people. Predictions have been made that by the year 2075' there will be 12 billion people. The major question asked by concerned people is "Is our planet able to provide a healthy and prosperous life style, which we are all a custom to, and can it, be for twice as many people in the future?" "If not, what measures can be taken to prevent such population growth?" "If the United States does take precautions, will these measures be fair, just, and not interfere with natural human rights?"
A growing population will have a serious impact on the needs of the families, especially the poor of LDCs. Food distribution, financing, and shortages will double the effect of families. There is intense controversy concerning these questions, whether Earth is over populated and what measures if any should be taken to slow population growth. To some the planet is already overpopulated, but others claim that if everyone existed at a minimum survival level, Earth could support 20-48 billion people. This would require that everyone abide with a replacement fertility rate. It is a number of children a couple must bear to replace themselves. It is slightly higher than two children per couple. 2.1 children in MDCs and as high as 2.5 children in some LDCs. This suggestion does not mean that if the fertility rates are lowered to replacement level that the population will come to immediate halt. The chain reaction would take 50 years to see if it was continued with success.
Another suggestion made to help slow population growth is an idea that has many other effects, ones that society might not be ready for. Its called, "Reducing Births by Empowering Women". Women tend to have fewer and healthier children and live longer when they have access to education and to paying jobs outside the home, and when...

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