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Population Growth And Poverty: Nigeria Essay

1405 words - 6 pages

Population growth is one of the biggest issues that the human species can face no matter where it is occurring in the world. For years ever since the 1960’s, the world’s population growth rate has been rapidly increasing and in some cases doubling. With the rapid growth of population come many challenges that people have to face and Nigeria is no exception. Nigeria, a country located in West Africa, is the sixth most populous country in the world with a total population of over 167 million (Rosenthal). The issues that Nigeria goes through as a result of population growth are just a few of the issues that many other populated countries face worldwide. The high rates of unemployment, crime, poverty as well as lack of health and education in Nigeria are just some of the many factors that are caused from population growth.
Nigeria has always been a country that was well known for their African music but that has been long overshadowed by the problems they are facing with fertility rates. The average replacement fertility rate is normally 2.1, but in Nigeria the replacement rate is much higher, reaching a 6.8. This dramatic increase of fertility rate is one of the main causes of unemployment where 50% of Nigerian people living in urban areas ranging from ages 15-24 are unemployed. This in turn led to acts of crime because people are not able to support themselves due to unavailability of jobs (Rosenthal). Crime rates and violence have also increased because of the frustration of being unemployed and in poverty. Due to the large population in Nigeria, most people are part of the lower social class, living in overcrowded places. These conditions are proven to be very difficult where families “squeeze into 7 by 11 feet rooms along a narrow corridor. Up to 50 people share a kitchen, toilet and sink” and “at Alapere Primary School, more than 100 students cram into most classrooms, two to a desk” (Ovbiagele).This shows that some parents don’t have the necessities or means to teach their children and raise them to be good law abiding citizens. People in Nigeria live this way because the Earth’s carrying capacity cannot sustain all these people. The Nigerian government also that cannot provide for such a large population which is what led to mass unemployment and these increasing acts of crime. The people of Nigeria are not given all the rights included in the UN Declaration of Human Rights and cannot be given those rights because of the immense population. This may lead to conflict where people would compete for the minimal amount of resources that are available to them in order to survive these dire situations. The people are forced to do illegal things in order to provide money, education and food for their families (Ezedike).
Poverty is one of the most devastating effects of population growth and overpopulation in many countries including Nigeria. Most Nigerian children are left chronically malnourished and some die from the poverty in the country...

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