Population Overview And Growth In The Middle East

957 words - 4 pages

Spanning from Saharan Africa to the western edge of Asia, the Middle East's nations share four general characteristics: shared water resource interests, shared religion (with the exception of Israel, which only has a 15% Muslim population), the birth rate is exceeding the death rate, and the vast wealth from minerals and oil. The dominance of fossil fuel and mineral deposits on the area's economy constitutes 88 percent of the region's Gross Domestic Product, where two-thirds of the world's oil resides. These are all contributing factors to a growing population expected to double within 50 years.The Middle East and North Africa, defined in this report to include Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen, is an area of 18 nations covering approximately 4.3 million square miles. It was home to 326 million people in 2002. In contrast, the United States has 3.7 million square miles with 287 million people. The region includes geographical giants such as Algeria, with almost one-fourth the land area of the United States, and Bahrain, which is smaller than the five boroughs of New York City. Populations also vary greatly from Qatar, with less than one million people, to Egypt, with 71 million individuals.High fertility rates, worker immigration, and low mortality rates have resulted in rapid population growth as well as a very young population. The region's population has more than tripled, from 106 million to 319 million people since 1960. The largest increase was in Iran, which grew by almost 45 million people.Religion may be a factor in the birth rate. Most nations in the Middle East and North Africa adhere to Islamic law, which stress familial obligations for women. As a result, women are encouraged to marry young and to have many children, although in many nations such traditions are diminishing. For example, the median age of marriage for women has increased in every Arab country since the 1970s.While some agree that the growing population is a concern, many Middle Eastern countries do not. Yemen and Oman view the current birth rate as too high, while Saudi Arabia is comfortable with the present growth level. Because the Saudi Arabian government views population in terms of ensuring a strong national identity and meeting its labor force requirements, it actively tries to promote higher fertility rates. Only Israel views its total fertility rate (2.9 in 2002) to be too low, and anticipates a decline in births.While Morocco, Algeria and Saudi Arabia have vastly different fertility rates--Algeria is at 2.8, while Saudi Arabia is at 5.7--these countries all have rather moderate abortion policies for a Muslim state. Unlike Yemen, Egypt and Syria, which only permit abortion in order to save the woman's life; these countries also permit abortion in...

Find Another Essay On Population Overview and Growth in the Middle East

Imperialism in the middle east Essay

1341 words - 5 pages continued the modernization of Egypt, including the completion of the Suez Canal, but also drew the country deeply into debt. To prevent Egypt from going bankrupt, Britain and France intervened politically. Foreign financial control provoked a violent nationalistic reaction in Egypt that led to British occupation of the country until 1956. Natural Resources Beginning in the 1800s, imperialism was also practiced in the Middle East. The prime

Nationalism In The Middle East Essay

1561 words - 6 pages geographical area where nationalism relates directly to the events occurring today would be in the Middle East where nationalistic views of two different nations, that of Jews and Arabs, coincide to create a very volatile conflict that has run its course for nearly a whole century.      A “nation” is defined as a group with a common culture, language, folkways, and values. A “state” refers to a government in control of

Women in the Middle East

2331 words - 9 pages In the book, Women in the Middle East, a Saudi Arabian proverb states, "A girl possesses nothing but a veil and a tomb" (Harik and Marston 83). The key words, "veil" and "tomb" lend evidence to the fact that many Middle Eastern women lack identity symbolized by the “veil” and lack the right of ownership except for their veil and the tomb. This statement further enforces the notion that many women in the Middle East are expected to serve and

Conflicts in the Middle East

2947 words - 12 pages Discussion Conflicts have been arising between the Middle East and the West for centauries, and as eras change, the reasons for those conflicts change along according to surrounding world events. Historically, the decline of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth centaury paved a path for European colonialism, which was ignited by the desire for extra territories and a gate to Asia. Consequently, World War I started, and the conflicts were then

Revolutions in the Middle East

2338 words - 9 pages “We want to be, I think, an example for the rest of the Arab world, because there are a lot of people who say that the only democracy you can have in the Middle East is the Muslim Brotherhood.” said King Abdullah II of Jordan when asked about his country and the possibility of democracy in the Middle East. There have been many questions asked about whether or not Arab countries had the capability to achieve democracy (Baroud). Out of all of the

The Domino Revolutions in Europe and the Middle East

1880 words - 8 pages a mass change under an autocracy. Over 150 years later, the same revolutionary spirit that swept across Europe rose again in 2010 throughout the Middle East. Beginning this time in Tunisia with the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi in December 2010 in protest of police corruption and ill-treatment (Fahim 1), it was the event that triggered major upheavals in the North African and South West Asia region. The protests “united discontented

The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East

2256 words - 9 pages The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East The war in Iraq is further poisoning the already noxious political atmosphere between Arabs and Americans. It has intensified and increased dangerous feelings of humiliation and outrage among the Arab public, while paranoid rhetoric about Western attacks against Islam elsewhere is spreading from the religious fringe to the mainstream. It is simplistic and self- serving

Major Demographic Changes in the Middle East and North Africa

961 words - 4 pages there were 100,000 Europeans, with the country’s population having risen to 9,924,742. Works Cited Clarke, John I. and W.B. Fisher (eds.). Populations of the Middle East and North Africa: a geographical approach. London, 1972. Cooper, Charles A. and Sidney S. Alexander. Economic development and population growth in the Middle East. New York, 1971. Gilbar, Gad G. Population dilemmas in the Middle East: essays in political demography and economy. London, 1997. Whittaker’s Almanack. London, 1900 onwards.

Understandings and Approaches to Human Trafficking in the Middle East

1719 words - 7 pages In 2013, the ILO (International Labour Organization) reported the Middle East to be the primary destination for trafficking victims, as they calculated that there are around 600,000 forced labour victims within the region to date (13). This seemingly widespread issue of human trafficking within the Middle East has been subject to significant media coverage and global debate. There are three major elements at the centre of this debate: issues

Citizen Protest In Nazi Germany and the Middle East

1046 words - 4 pages The situation that is occurring in the Middle East is not the first political unrest that has occurred. The actions that have been taken to stifle the protestors are not similar to the actions that Nazi Germany took to suppress the Jews. The actions that differentiate these two groups are the circumstances that caused these violent acts to come about. The leader of Egypt and Hitler are two entirely different beings. The underlying causes of the

Family Values and Structures in the Middle East

2851 words - 11 pages Family Values and Structures in the Middle East At the end of our program, classes are ending, and events are winding down, but emotions remain powerful. We will all face reentry, and deal with it in different ways, and I'm sure that all of us are thinking about what this means personally. I do not know what the first thing is that may come to your mind when you think of home. Maybe you are scared that your little sibling took over while you

Similar Essays

The Middle East: A Brief Overview

1124 words - 4 pages "Erased/deleted old title which did not make sense within body of essay"      The Middle East is a region in Southwest Asia that includes the countries of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, U.A.E., Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. The aspects that make up all that is geography in the Middle East include physical geography, economic geography, religion, and human history. The

Regionalization In The Middle East Essay

580 words - 3 pages . This can provide an unprecedented incentives to improve regional cooperation . Deteriorating conditions of some of the economies of the Middle East , along with the demographic growth of the population, and also represents a challenge and an opportunity for the region as a whole . Moreover , high-intensity conflicts , such as the civil war in Syria , likely to influence the political and economic stability of the neighboring countries . The influx

Peace In The Middle East Essay

1292 words - 5 pages head per year,” (Newscientist). The Oslo accords were established in 1993; the population of Palestine certainly has grown since the 18 years of these allotments within this agreement. Israel has a vital interest in the West bank territory, which allows this to serve as a purpose to wage war or prolong unrest given the human factor of survivability and personal interest. Can there be peace in the Middle East? Certainly; and there has been

Democracy In The Middle East Essay

1227 words - 5 pages 1966 (Lunch & Sperlick 1979, Pg. 25). The issue of democracy as a restraint opposing war is just as true that the population could direct its political power towards military actions in non-democratic states. This is evident in more contemporary events such as the Iraq War and Syria in the Middle East which were previously under dictatorial rule. Under liberalist perspectives, the population would prioritise the need for peace due to war costs and