Portrayal Of Pride, Ego And Manipulation In Twelfth Night By William Shakespeare And The Importance Of Being Earnest By Oscar Wilde.

2664 words - 11 pages

IB English Oral PresentationThe Portrayal of Pride, Ego and manipulation in the plays Twelfth Night andThe Importance of Being Earnest"Pride and Ego"; these are two things which bring out the real person in you. These are the two elements that fuel arguments, turning them into fights or, in those times into duels. In the course of arguments, proud persons may feel that their pride has been wounded. These people turn highly egotistic and end up doing things which can be used against them and Opportunists take advantage of this situation turning the tide in their favor.Examples of the above situations can be seen in both the plays.TWELFTH NIGHTDisguise, which is of utmost importance in this comedy, is also a form of manipulation.There are a number of instances in the play where disguise has been used to manipulate people.The best example for disguise being used to manipulate others is that of Viola. She takes the help of the sea-captain who saved her life by rescuing her after a shipwreck and seeks his help in getting her work in a household. He tells her about Lady Olivia, the Countess and she readily agrees to work in her household. But then the captain tells her that it is not possible as Lady Olivia is mourning for her brother's death for seven years. The captain describes her mourning with the words "cloistered like a nun". Here, we see a difference between Olivia and Viola. While Olivia mourns for her brother's death, Viola has almost immediately gotten over the fact that her brother has drowned. The captain then tells her that she can gain service with the Duke of the land but, she needs to disguise herself as a man (eunuch) to do so. Here, we notice that they plan to manipulate the duke using the disguise of Viola.She disguises herself as a man for various reasons. The main reason behind this being to protect herself in an unknown land which may not respect the virginity of a young maiden. But, she also uses this disguise of her to its fullest potential; that is in order to make puns and comment on others. She also uses her disguise and her wit for her own enjoyment as well as for the enjoyment of the audience.Viola is successful in her plan of gaining service in the Duke's household. She is not only successful in doing so, but has completely captivated the Duke with her disguise within a short span of three days. The duke has not only employed Cesario (Viola) as a personal messenger, but has also confided him to his innermost thoughts-that includes the fact that he is in love with Olivia. Hence we see how Viola has used her disguise in manipulating Duke Orsino into employing her while also getting him to tell her his innermost feelings towards Olivia.Now we come to the scene where the duke sends Cesario with a message to Olivia. When Cesario is admitted into Olivia's household, we see another disguise playing its part, that is; Olivia covering her face with a veil which disguises her true appearance. This disguise allows her to hide her...

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