The Portuguese immigrated to Canada around the 19th century. It all started in the year 1953, when a group of Portuguese pioneers immigrated to Canada (Moura, 2003). Once the first couple of Portuguese pioneers crossed the ocean to immigrate into Canada, others followed and sort of started a wave. However, in 1957 a volcano erupted, known as the Capelinhos, which end up making Portuguese families and pioneers move to North America (Morrison & James, 2009), because the living conditions had changed. Many Portuguese people immigrated to Canada in order to make a better living, looking for a job for them to survive and to not serve the war. This paper will discuss the Portuguese minority ethnic group in Canada, and to take a further look into details. It will discuss the Portuguese arrival into Canada, and the statistical characteristics of the Portuguese population in Canada. It will also mention the number of Portuguese that there are, where they settled when they first arrived into Canada, problems they encountered in regard to prejudice and lastly converse about whether or not they had any presence in the criminal justice system.
Portuguese came to Canada for numerous of reasons. The first reason is for political factors such as the increase of fascism in Portugal. Secondly, for the economical factors such as “relocating for work such as whaling and fishing, and later farming, textile, and leather factory work” (Morrison & James, 2009). The intriguing aspect about Portuguese families immigrating to Canada is that most of the husbands immigrated firstly into Canada before their wives. The reason being why they immigrated to Canada before their wives was to help start a life in Canada for their own family. Towards the 1950’s and 1960’s, that is when the wives and children immigrated to Canada in order to join their husbands and father (Higgs, 1990).
A recent study was conducted to find out how many Portuguese Canadian lived in Canada, since they first immigrated. The study confirmed that there was around “357, 690” thousand Portuguese individuals that lived in Canada and an estimation of “1, 173, 691” million of Portuguese individuals that lived in the United States of North America (Morrison & James, 2009). It definitely shows that it is double the amount of Portuguese ethnic group living in the United States compared to Canada. Many of those Portuguese people living in the United States mostly lives in the states of California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada and Rhode Island (Fagundes, 2007).
A majority of the Portuguese population living in Canada, rather live in the big cities such as Toronto, Ontario and Montreal, Quebec due to the fact that they had a greater possibility of earning more money while working the same jobs elsewhere (Higgs, 1990). Another majority of the Portuguese population in Canada also lived in medium-sized cities such as Ottawa, Kitchener, Hull, Hamilton, and...