Pos 2041 Final Essay

1160 words - 5 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed

Of the most powerful people in the world, the President of the United States of America hits the top of the list. Even though the policy agendas that presidents set as they take office often go unfulfilled, the office of President is still one of the most envied spots to have. But why could this be? It is because the United States is the most powerful nation in the world and with the President as the leader, he is said to have the most power in the world ("Top Ten Most Powerful Countries in the World"). With power comes responsibility and with this position he must govern a country while abiding by the rules.
The law making process is a lengthy process. First, a representative must have an idea for a new law and they become the sponsor of this bill. The representative must present to the bill to the Clerk of the House if it is in the house (H.R. Bills), or in the Senate (S Bills). The Government Printing Office, GPO, then prints the bill and distributes it to each representative. The Speaker of the House, for further study, then assigns this bill to a standing committee within the house. The standing committee studies the bill and its contents and has two options, either to release the bill with a recommendation to pass it or lay it aside so it cannot be voted on. If the bill is released, it may be voted on or sent into debate within the house and needs a majority vote for the bill to move onto the Senate. Within the Senate, the bill must go through one of the Senate’s sixteen standing committees, and as with the House of Representatives, the bill is either released or pigeonholed. If it is released, a simple majority passes the bill. The bill takes another step into a conference committee, which is made up of members of the House and of the Senate. This is where the differences in the bill are worked out, before its approval by both houses. The following step to be passed is for it to be signed by both the Speaker of the House and the Vice President. The bill is then sent to the President where he has ten days to sign the bill or veto, if he chooses to veto, it is known as a pocket veto. Even without the President’s signature the bill can still become a law by two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
As we can see the law making process it is a system of checks and balances. It takes multiple sources for a bill to become a law, and no one source can conquer this task by itself. It takes compromise in both the Senate and the House of Representatives in order to pass the same bill in both houses. The House and the Senate are a part of the legislative branch, the bill then proceeds to the Executive branch, the President, in order to go forward from here and become a law and the executive branches job is to then enforce the law. These are just two of the checks and balances; the third part comes into place with the judicial branch, whose responsibility is interpreting the law while abiding by the Constitution ("Role of Judicial Branch in...

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