Posession of Guns in the USA
Zimring and Hawkins states that America is a gun culture with these words from the report of the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence in 1969. "Firearms have long been an important part of American life. For many years the armed citizen-soldier was the country's first line of defense. Firearms no longer play a significant role in keeping food on American tables, yet Americans own and use firearms to a degree that puzzles many observers. If our frontier has disappeared, our frontier tradition remains" (Zimring and Hawkins, 1987: 30).
The Economist states in an editorial that when people can get guns more easily there are more deaths which are caused by guns. There is a research result in 1996 about murders with guns. According to this research, there were two murders in New Zealand, fifteen in Japan, 30 in United Kingdom, 106 in Canada, 211 in Germany. On the other hand, in the USA, there were 9,390 gun related murders (America, 1998). This is a plain fact. Though there is a difference in population between each countries, it seems that there are too many gun related murders in the USA. Firearms-related incidents are taking place even in countries that it is illegal to possess guns. Therefore, it is needless to say that more gun related incidents would be occurring if the government permits gun ownership.
However, is it really necessary for citizens to possess guns in this modern life?
According to The Economist, most citizens in the USA want to own guns whether they use them or not despite of fact that guns are dangerous and the cause of death. To become an owner of gun, they don't care about the price. The reason is that they think firearms are indispensable to keep them safe (America, 1998).
There are two reasons to prove that guns are not necessary for citizens. First, we can say that guns are lethal weapons. Zimring and Hawkins introduce a 1969 research result by the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence about death percentage of gun and knife attacks. In Chicago during 1965 to 1967, there were 16,518 total attacks with knife and death percentage with knife was 2.4 percent, while there were 6,350 total attacks with gun and deaths percentage with gun was 12.2 percent. Firearms were about five times higher than the death rate of attacks with knife. Although guns are the most dangerous weapons and knives are the second most dangerous weapons used in homicide, from this report, we can understand that there is a big difference in the fatality rate (Zimring and Hawkins, 1987). Although anti gun controllers say " guns don't kill people, people kill people" we can recognize that guns make more deaths easily from statistics in above. In Australia, which is the second highest country in death rate from guns, a 28-year-old gunman, Martin Bryant opened fire on tourists indiscriminately in April 28, 1996. As a result of this shooting, 35...