This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Positive Change In World Through Manipulation Of Behavior In B.F Skinner's Waldo Two

740 words - 3 pages

Positive Change In World Through Manipulation of Behavior in B.F Skinner's Waldo Two

     B.F. Skinner, in his novel Walden Two, presents many arguments about how
he foresees a positive change in the world through manipulation of behavior on
the personal level. Sigmund Freud, in his works, specifically Civilization and
Its Discontents, presents his view of human nature and what is innately
problematic about it. Both Freud and Skinner agree that human behavior is the
result of outside factors that severely hinder the concept of free will.
Skinner believes that humans, in the correct environment, can live happily,
while Freud understands that humans are destined to live in "some degree of
anguish or discontent."

     Skinner uses the ideal setting of Walden Two to illustrate his ideas of
how human behavior should be "formed." Much of Skinner's argument on how to
eliminate what he knows as problematic rests on his prescription of dismissing
the notion of individual freedom. Skinner does not only say that the concept
of individual freedom is a farce. He takes it a step further and states that
the search for it is where society has gone wrong. He wants no part in the
quest for individual freedom. If we give up this illusion, says Skinner, we
can condition everyone to act in acceptable ways.

     Skinner has a specific prescription for creating this utopian society.
He declares that all that is necessary is to change the conditions which
surround man. "Give me the specifications, and I'll give you the man" is his
simple yet remarkable message. He claims that by controlling what a person's
environment is, it is possible to craft a man to behave in any way. Skinner
wants to use this notion to create a world without pain and suffering. In
Walden Two, he systematically describes what conditions are necessary to create
a world of happiness.

     Skinner proposes that to create his perfect society, one needs only to
come up with the characteristics of what man should be. Since he can then
create any man, he will fill the world with these perfectly-conditioned people
and all will be perfect. Although many of his insights are problematic at the
root level, some of what Skinner proposes is material which should not just be
totally dismissed.

     Freud has a much different concept of human existence. He, too, says
that people are "formed" out of experiences and pre-existent conditions.
However, Freud believes that the biggest factor in...

Find Another Essay On Positive Change In World Through Manipulation of Behavior in B.F Skinner's Waldo Two

Positive deviance: Encouraging Social Change Through Passive Resistance

697 words - 3 pages Deviance can be a powerful tool to encourage social change. Why does deviance encourage this change? I believe the answer is simple. Deviance sets in motion inside of everyone's head a thought process. People begin to think positively and negatively about what happened, especially when it is highly publicized deviance. Opinions are formed and about what has happened. People begin to debate with each other about who is MORE wrong.For instance

Too Much Science in Walden Two by B.F. Skinner

1446 words - 6 pages their fears down on paper. Huxley’s Brave New World shows an unsettling optimistic front that covers the disturbing reality of a futuristic socialist world. After the war ended, more novels about the socialism appeared, George Orwell’s 1984 and B.F. Skinner’s Walden Two as a few examples, though they are complete opposites on the views of socialism presented. In Walden Two, the tone is very positive. The head of the community, a man

Manipulation of Words in Othello

972 words - 4 pages Manipulation of words can have a great impact on human behavior. The impact of manipulation is uncontrollable; individuals use it without even thinking about it because it is what humans do to get what they desire. In the play Othello by William Shakespeare, Manipulation, jealousy and betrayal by characters change how they perceive themselves and others. Iago uses manipulation of words to persuade Othello throughout the whole play. Iago uses

Essay on Manipulation through Language in The Memorandum

1323 words - 5 pages Manipulation through Language in The Memorandum     How one utilizes language to perpetuate certain images or perspectives can greatly influence the way people think. One can use language to manipulate the minds of others and bring them under some form of subjugation. In Vaclav Havel's The Memorandum certain characters use this tactic of manipulation through different means that involve language, and in the process, they gain the

The Positive Change in “The First Stone”

733 words - 3 pages People can change their ways overtime in a positive way. Everyone has experienced change once in their life. Some people have acknowledged change over the course of life in a positive way or a negative way. Throughout the novel “The First Stone” by Don Aker, the main character Reef alters his ways a lot positively. Reef is a teenager who changes his lifestyle and makes a huge impact in his life after he meets Leeza. This novel develops the fact

Social Change in Two Novels

1880 words - 8 pages the birth of a couple children, and she became a mere matching in her husband’s house, of no more use than the late lady Crawley’s grand piano.” (P. 74) Social forces also motivated parental attitudes in Vanity Fair. Mr. Osborne refused the relationship George had with Amelia due to the Sedley’s social demotion. Mr. Osborne had an interest in his son’s happiness through financial means. Marrying a wealthy individual such as Miss Swartz will add to

A Change of Fate in A Tale of Two Cities

972 words - 4 pages A Change of Fate in A Tale of Two Cities       Authors may use one character to instantaneously change the fate of another character. Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities presents such situations through the characters Lucie Manette, Dr. Manette and Charles Darnay. Lucie, unaware of the existence of her supposedly dead father, Dr. Manette, suddenly discovers through Jarvis Lorry that her father still lives. Lucie learns of the

Manipulation of Truth in Oliver Stone's JFK

1271 words - 5 pages Manipulation of Truth in Oliver Stone's JFK            Oliver Stone is a master of manipulation. Being an expert in the art of directing, Stone is able to make an audience believe whatever he wishes. In the 1991 film JFK, Oliver Stone manipulates facts in order to convey a fictional conspiracy involving the assassination of John F. Kennedy. The Zapruder film and the magic bullet theory are two

analysis of jealousy and manipulation in othello

1635 words - 7 pages The power of jealousy has never had a positive impact among the people trapped within its realm. It is as an innate feeling that everyone falls into. Shakespeare sets his play, Othello, in Venice, where Othello, a black foreigner in the eyes of the Venetians, marries Desdemona, daughter of a rich politician, and becomes to feel inadequate for her. His judgment becomes impaired when he falls for the lies that Iago, his ensign, implanted. Iago’s

Manipulation of desires in The Iliad

835 words - 3 pages which he can control people, political power, and glory on the battle field. This desire used to be a driving force behind Achilles' actions in Book I since he enjoys the pride and honor war brought to him. Now, in Book IX, Ulysses tries to use Achilles' weakness of honor and pride in order to try and sway him, "Thou shalt triumphant glory bring" (Book IX, Line 293) This goal of trying to motivate Achilles to fight through his apparent weaknesses

How can the power of words bring about a positive change in a community?

1119 words - 5 pages Words can bring positive change to a community, be it a small town or the entire world - all it takes is two key components, delivery and content. This was certainly the case with Clarence Darrow’s 1926 concluding speech in defence of African American, Henry Sweet, accused of the murder of a white man. Darrow’s monumental eight-hour speech set a legal precedent when Sweet was acquitted of his murder charge. The speech, “Changed the status of

Similar Essays

B.F. Skinner's Walden Two Essay

3161 words - 13 pages Is it possible for psychologists to ever understand the human condition well enough to create a utopia by "engineering" human behavior? This is the challenge thrown out by behavioral psychologist, B.F. Skinner in his novel, Walden Two (1948). Well written and entertaining, Walden Two is directed to the layman rather than to the professional psychologist. It concerns a fictitious intentional community of 1,000 started by one Frazier (no first

Carl Rodgers And B.F. Skinner: Behaviorism Comparison Between Two Descriptions Of Behavior

829 words - 3 pages B.F. Skinner, who favored the behaviorist approach to psychology, criticized the psychoanalytical theory by suggesting that psychology should be the study of behavior and not just the mind. However, Skinner's approach was radical, in that he did consider our inner thoughts and feelings, but denied that they had anything to do with behavior. His study of behavior involved close contact with the experimental laboratory, where he experimented with

Increasing On Task Behavior Through Positive Reinforcements

1122 words - 5 pages The results of data analysis showed that Ibrahim has more improvement in his on-task behavior, and it was through focusing during the lesson, sat on his seat and active participation with the teacher. In November 21,2013 in the treatment I observed Ibrahim by collecting data on the Behavior Frequency & Duration sheet, I noticed that Ibrahim is able to being on the task during each period. I have continued the intervention phase with positive

Compare And Contrast Two Methods For Achieving Attitude Change Through Persuasion. In Your Answer, Discuss Factors That Might Inhibit Persuasion.

1611 words - 7 pages (Breckler, 1984; Rosenberg & Hovland, 1960; Zanna & Rempel, 1988) : cognitions or beliefs, affect or feelings and actions or behaviour. As defined by Richard Perloff, persuasion is the process which moulds and shapes attitudes. It is through persuasion that changes in attitudes can occur. The two methods for achieving attitude change through persuasion that will be the main focus of this essay are: the Ingratiation and Door-in-the face techniques