Positive Interventions: Happiness Attained From Acts Of Kindness And Gratitude

1285 words - 6 pages

Descriptive and inferential statistics were computed for all three hypotheses. Paired-samples t-tests were utilized to compare the mean difference before and after the interventions. Independent samples t-tests were utilized to compare the increases found in the groups based on intervention type and gender. An ANOVA was utilized to compare differences based on the level of religious commitment. The tables referenced in the following sections all appear in Appendix C.
Comparing Interventions
The means, standard deviations, minimums, and maximums for each experimental condition are summarized in Table 1. In addition to providing data for each condition, data for the overall ...view middle of the document...

These differences were not present, F(2) = .433, p = .666.

The current study investigated the gains to happiness as measured by self-esteem as a result of the positive interventions of performing kind acts and noting gratitude in a journal. Three hypotheses were investigated. First, it was predicted that performing kind acts would lead to greater gains in happiness, in accordance with the findings of Lyubomirsky, Dickerhoof, Boehm, and Sheldon (2011). While it was found that happiness increased significantly from the first assessment to the second assessment in both conditions, there was no significant difference found due to the type of intervention completed. Secondly, the results reported by Froh, Yurkewicz, and Kashdan (2009) showed adolescent males showed greater gains in happiness as compared to females. This research proposed the same results. Again, happiness increased in both genders following the interventions; however; no significant difference accountable to gender were revealed. Lastly, religious influences on gains in happiness achieved from positive interventions have been reported in the previous research of Watts, Dutton, and Gulliford (2006) and Krause (2009). The current research expected similar findings, with more religious individuals expected to show greater gains in happiness. Similar results were not obtained, with no significant difference found. All three hypotheses were not supported.
These results may have been obtained due to the limitations of this study, primarily related to the sample utilized. This study was conducted for a class assignment. Part of the assignment included participation in the experiment, so simultaneously the researchers were also the participants. This implies that the participants had complete knowledge of the research questions being investigated, and answers reported on the surveys could have been misreported in an attempt to influence the results. The participants also had complete knowledge about the positive interventions utilized, knowledge which Layous, Nelson, and Lyubomirsky (2013) have previously shown to improve happiness gains. Secondly, there was no way to be certain that any of the interventions were performed as prescribed, as the activities were to be conducted during the week outside of the class, and no procedure was in place to guarantee that interventions were strictly followed. Additionally, there was no way to completely control for all of the outside influences on the subjects. As the study took place over the course of a week, the experiences of each participant may have affected the results obtained. Therefore, the gains in happiness reported may be caused by variables other than those accounted for in this research. Further, the sample consisted entirely of undergraduate students, and not a diverse sample representative of the population. This may have influenced the results obtained, and may prohibit the application of the...

Find Another Essay On Positive Interventions: Happiness Attained from Acts of Kindness and Gratitude

Root of Happiness: Synopsis of Happy Like God and A Critique of Positive Psychology

1353 words - 6 pages means of science. Personal Reaction. Thinking of how complex it must be and at the same time simple and lucid happiness is, it astounds me that someone could easily explain what happiness is, as Critichley did in his article. From this I was drawn to the article “Happy Like God” by Simon Critichley article a great deal more than ”A Critique of Positive Psychology” by Richard Schoch. I found that I liked Critichley’s outlook of happiness was very

Correlations between Happiness and Positive Illusions of the Self and Relationships

2158 words - 9 pages , which would make it important, if such is the case, that people positively view themselves. Time plays an effect on the outcome of positive illusions to show that long term effects may differ from short term effects. Positive illusions on the self may lead to narcissism and positive illusions in relationships may either be detrimental or may assist salvage the relationship. Contrary to the effect of positive illusions on the self, they can help

Happiness From the Dark and the Light

903 words - 4 pages One of my all-time favorite reads is a short story from the EHS days. I can't remember what class it was for, but maybe you'll recognize it. It was called The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas and it really artfully addresses the idea that happiness is often perceived as vapid or naive, and sometimes it is, but that there is also a sort of enlightened happiness that can come not from being oblivious to the darkness and suffering of the world but by

Macbeth. Significant quotes and their meanings from Acts 1-5

3197 words - 13 pages his old one.7. "Nothing in his life / Became him like leaving it," is stated in lines 7 and 8 by Malcolm while Duncan and Malcolm discuss the execution of the Thane of Cawdor. The significance is that the quote confirms the death of the Thane of Cawdor. It means the Thane died with more dignity than he had lived.8. "Yet do I fear thy nature; / It is too full o'th' milk of human kindness / To catch the nearest way," is stated in lines 11 through

Our Impressions of Macbeth from Acts 1-3

1341 words - 5 pages In Macbeth, the protagonist is a murderer from the beginning to the end of the play. However, through the use of soliloquies, aside, dramatic irony, imagery, choice of language and what other characters say about him, Shakespeare sculpts Macbeth into a walking contradiction, leaving the audience to vacillate between contrasting opinions of him. Through out eyes, Macbeth morphs continuously into different characteristics in the space of just a

Example of Dramatic Irony from Acts I & II

1668 words - 7 pages brother Claudius. Ghost of King Hamlet Sympathy The ghost wants revenge and he wants Hamlet to recover his kingdom in his name, but what he really needs is pity. I’m sympathetic because he was taken from this world without the chance to repent his sins, so unfortunately he now has to suffer in purgatory for all of eternity. The ghost says “When I to sulfuous and tormenting flames, Must render up myself, For you shall Pity me not

Exploration into Advice, Guidance, Counselling and Effectiveness of Multidisciplinary Interventions

2063 words - 9 pages Introduction This paper will explore the role of advice, guidance and counselling from the perspective of health and social care practice, the importance of reflective practice and effectiveness of interventions with service users and clients. The contents of this paper will be split into 4 sections; section 1 will discuss the definitions of advice, guidance and counselling, section 2 will explore effectiveness of multidisciplinary interventions

The Anxiety- and Pain-Reducing Effects of Music Interventions

1975 words - 8 pages creating peaceful, intellectual and interactive environment. All these benefits of listening to music are important since it contributes the quality of life while giving pleasure to listeners. Listening to classical music affects physical health in a positive way. In the article called “The Anxiety- and Pain-Reducing Effects of Music Interventions: A Systematic Review” by Nilsson, it is explained that listening to music every day is good for a

An Evaluation of Security Acts and Models

1936 words - 8 pages . Unfortunately, this may also impose massive hardships by increasing the costs and labor for agencies to establish permissible access. However, this expected and justified expense comes with risk reduction. It is also worth noting that FISMA protects certain government information from being subjected to release by the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (Feinberg, 2004). GLBA repealed acts such as the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 and the Bank

The Positive and Negative Experiences of Physical Activity from People with Disabilities

1274 words - 5 pages The purpose of this study was to find out the positive and negative experiences of physical activity from people with disabilities. They used a qualitative approach of research through semi structured interviews with 20 people with disabilities who have personal experience of participating in physical activity. Each interview lasted 70-110 minutes and was audio-taped and transcribed. They chose the participants through a sampling strategy of 6

Chastity in The Rape of Lucrece and A Woman Killed with Kindness

1650 words - 7 pages Chastity in The Rape of Lucrece and A Woman Killed with Kindness       Renaissance England has been labeled a culture of shame - a society in which an individual's identity was primarily constructed by the way in which his or her "reputation" or "honor" was perceived by others. A woman's public reputation was always based on her virginity or chastity. Just as women were considered the property of their fathers or husbands, a woman's

Similar Essays

Positive Interventions: Happiness Attained From Acts Of Kindness And Gratitude

2007 words - 9 pages Positive interventions have previously been shown to have a positive effect on those involved in these types of activities. This investigation hypothesized that performing kind acts and noting gratitude would have a positive effect on happiness as measured by self-esteem. Further, it was predicted that differences would be observed based on several factors: experimental condition, gender, and religious commitment. Participants (N=30) from a

Positive Interventions: A Comparison Of Increased Happiness Resulting From Completing Actions Involving Kindness And Gratitude

1119 words - 5 pages Americans. A Harris Poll, recently published by Harris Interactive (2013), reveals that only 33% of Americans are very happy. This infers that over 200,000,000 Americans could be happier. Sin and Lyubomirsky (2009) report that people in individualist cultures (of which the United States is a clear example) benefit more from positive psychological interventions, such as acts of kindness and activities involving gratitude. Previous work shows that

Random Acts Of Kindness Essay

954 words - 4 pages changed when she talks about the kindness of others “[A] stranger’s kindness, like time itself, heals our wounds in the end” (Li 71). Acts of kindness are never forgotten and helps to show that despite what Professor Shan said about people, they are not all disappointments or easily forgettable. Moyan “[has] never forgotten any person that has come into [her] life” (Li 79). Acts of kindness make a positive imprint on a person, even a person whose

Kindness And Lasting Happiness Essay

753 words - 4 pages lasting happiness doesn’t come from pleasing oneself. Kindness is a vital aspect to having a good life. I do not believe the pursuit of happiness is the way to true joy. I believe true lasting joy only comes from a higher power. Mike Rudin (2006) says having “a belief in something bigger than yourself - from religion, spirituality or a philosophy of life” is vital for happiness. Works cited Martin E. P. Seligman (2000). Positive Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.ppc.sas.upenn.edu/ppintroarticle.pdf Mike Rudin (2006). The Science of Happiness. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/happiness_formula/4783836.stm