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Possible Causes And Effects Of Internet Addiction

1304 words - 5 pages

Psychodynamic focuses on the conscience and unconscious mind of an individual where as Behaviourism, is based on the behaviour of the individual without taking into account any thoughts of the individual. The two theories are both deterministic and both believe that our current behaviour is a result of previous events. A behaviourists would suggest that psychology is a science of behaviour, not a science of mind, the sources of an individual's behaviour is external, in the environment, not internal. The psychodynamic approach studies the relationship between the mind and personality of the individual, and the theory beleives that a person's behaviour is driven by emotions, mental aspects, and subconscious forces. Dr Kimberly S Young (1995). Dr Kimberly S Young says that prior research links internet addiction with existing mental health issues such as social anxiety, depression, and antisocial personality disorder and if not treated properly can have a significant effect on the patient socially, psychologically and occupationally. It will be argued that the psychodynamic approach to find an underlying disorder will be a more effective approach to an intervention for an individual addicted to the internet. I will be discussing the possible intervention options, and possible causes and effects of internet addiction disorder. As well as why I believe that there is an underlying disorder and why the psychodynamic approach is more suited for this than the behaviourist approach.
Internet addiction disorder was originally proposed as a disorder by Ivan Goldberg in 1995, he took gambling disorder, as diagnosed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, as his model for the description of internet addiction disorder as this is the only non-substance related addiction in the manual (Ivan k Goldburg 1995) Researchers continue to debate as to whether internet addiction disorder should be classified as a psychological disorder, some argue that the disorder is its own symptom of an underlying disorder, and some argue as to whether it should be classified as impulse control disorder or obsessive compulsive disorder rather than an addiction.(1) Prior research indicates that the disorder may be a result of an underlying disorder such as depression or anxiety, this may be due to the fact that online engagements such as chat rooms and social media do not stimulate the release of neurotransmitters responsible for the feelings of satisfaction and relaxation the way real interactions do (Dr Kimberly S Young).
From a psychoanalysis perspective anxiety and depression are results from conflicts between conscience and unconscious material which may result in the form of mental or emotional disturbances, (Sigmund Freud; 1856-1939), these conflicts arise from previous events which may have been supressed, until later in the individual’s life when it has re surfaced as a psychological disorder such as depression and or anxiety . Freudian psychoanalysis...

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