“Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes,” (Feldman, 2009, p.5). There are many different views of psychological studies. However, they all share the basic foundation. They analyze memories, emotions, perceptions, thoughts, and reasoning processes, as well as the body’s functioning and what maintains these. In addition, each field of psychology strives to improve lives. Understanding behavior and mental processes aids in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses (Feldman, 2009, p.5). There is a vast array of recognized mental illnesses. This paper will reflect on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; the causes of it, the features and associated features, the major psychological perspectives on PTSD, the explanation of the abnormality of the behavior, and what treatments there are for PTSD. Finally, the paper will finish of with my own personal experience with PTSD, followed by a conclusive paragraph.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an anxiety disorder and is the result of severe trauma. Anybody could acquire PTSD. It is irrespective of age, gender, race, ethnicity, economic level, education, etc. This disorder can be caused from personally experiencing an event that is perceived as a threat to one’s life; causes actual physical injury, or the threat thereof; or is some other real or perceived threat to one’s physical integrity. In addition, it can be caused by observing an event that has caused the death or injury of another person, or that threatened another person’s physical integrity in some way. Further, it could be caused by the discovery of the sudden or violent death, severe injury, or the threat thereof, to a relative or close friend (APA, 2000, p.463).
In addition, there is a wide range of traumatic events that can cause PTSD. Some personally experienced traumatic events are physical or sexual assault, natural or manmade disasters, physical or mental torture, or being diagnosed with a life threatening disease. With children it involves physical or sexual abuse. In addition, some traumatic events personally viewed are the serious physical injury or violent death of another person, whether caused by war, disaster, accident, or physical assault; or the unexpected sight of a body part or a deceased person. Further, some of the traumatic events a person hears or reads about are a sudden or violent death, a severe injury, or the physical attack of a relative or someone close (APA, 2000, pp.463-464).
Furthermore, there are a number of features involved with PTSD. These may appear within three months of the traumatic event, or months to years later, and may last a short time, or very long time. On the other hand, they may go away only to return when a person becomes distressed or suffers another traumatic experience. Re-experiencing the traumatic event can come in many forms. The most common forms are having continuous,...