This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

2040 words - 8 pages

Millions of people each year flee their country in order to escape persecution and conflict, seeking asylum as a refugee (Amnesty International Australia 2011). Many refugees present with and develop mental illness due to having experienced or witnessing events such as rape, torture, war, imprisonment, murder, physical injury and genocide, before fleeing their homes (Nicholl & Thompson 2004). Refugees are now accessing mental health services for the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) defined by DSM-IV-TR is “characterised by the re-experiencing of an extremely traumatic event accompanied by symptoms of increased arousal and by avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma” (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 2000). There are many impacts and effects this disorder has on refugees requiring treatment, interventions, education and a need for understanding the individuals’ cultural sensitivities.

The DSM-IV-TR requires six criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD. Criterion A defines the traumatic event, including any specifics relating to the event itself (Criterion A1) and the response to the event (Criterion A2). Criterion B refers to symptoms of re-experiencing the trauma, criterion C refers to the avoidance of reminders and numbing of general responsiveness to the event and criterion D refers to symptoms persistent by increased hyper arousal. Criterion E involves symptoms being present for longer than 1 month, and criterion F involves disturbances that cause distress and impairment to areas of functioning (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 2000). It is classified as acute if symptoms last less than three months and if symptoms present beyond 3 months, the diagnosis is chronic. Delayed onset is classified when symptoms occur 6 months after being exposed to the trauma (Shives 2005).
Smith and Segal (2011) say after having experienced trauma, the mind and the body are in shock. As you begin to make sense of the events that happened and process emotions, you can come out of it. With post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), you remain in psychological shock. The memory of what happened and feelings about it are disconnected. In order to move on, it’s important to discuss and express the memories and emotions felt (Smith and Segal 2011). PTSD can cause many symptoms that are overwhelming and frightening. These symptoms often resemble the feelings that where experienced and felt during the traumatic event. A person with PTSD has three main types of difficulties, Re-living the traumatic event, avoiding reminders of the event while feeling emotionally numb and hyper-arousal symptoms (Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health 2010). The National Institute of Mental Health (2009) say the symptoms of re-living the traumatic event can cause problems for a refugee in their new life by making it harder and more difficult to settle into a new country, experience new...

Find Another Essay On Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

864 words - 4 pages Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that is created by a traumatic life event. PTSD was very common among war veterans because of the experience or “shell shock” they encountered in a war or battle. However, PTSD can also result from other traumatic incidents such as kidnapping, vehicle accidents, rape, torture, or just witnessing a horrific event such as a plane crash or murder. For people who are suffering from

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

1165 words - 5 pages PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a subject that is becoming discussed more and more through the years. As the subject becomes researched more, they are finding new things about PTSD. PTSD can range from normal people to soldiers who just came back from war. Effects of this disorder can range from depression to sudden acts of anger in a person. As the days and years go on medical professionals are learning about how PTSD affects you and

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

1649 words - 7 pages . Retrieved September 17, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/post-traumatic-stress-disorder Martin, B. (2006). Fight or Flight. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 9, 2013, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/fight-or-flight/00030 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), (2009), WebMD Medical Reference, Retrieved November 9, 2013, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd Personal Brain Performance and

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

634 words - 3 pages was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, which is a severe anxiety and distress that persist long after traumatic experience. Traumatic events are more likely to cause PTSD when they involve a severe threat to life or personal safety. As a result of his injuries Mr. Levin developed this disorder. Also, high level of stress associated with his everyday work, as well as the fact that being an experienced driver, he did not expect, could

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - 1591 words

1591 words - 7 pages Today we are here to figure out why is it that past events are the triggers that cause Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or undergoing a dangerous event. There are various symptoms that begin to show or actions that can give a clear answer whether one may be diagnosed with this disorder. One of the many problems is that no age range is safe from suffering PTSD

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1280 words - 6 pages Do you know anyone with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)? If you do, then you know the daily struggles that a person has. Did that person ever serve in the military? PTSD is a soldier's worst nightmare. Soldiers who get deployed into a combat zone are at very high risk of coming back altered in many ways. The government should have more funding for helping soldiers with PTSD because of the effects physically, socially, and mentally. One

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - 1724 words

1724 words - 7 pages Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, what is it really? The initial reaction to this disorder would be stress that has been over exerted and caused a traumatic experience. Kay Jankowsi (2010) verbalized that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be traced back to ancient times. Documentation in the historical medical literature started with the Civil War, where PTSD-like disorder was known as “Da Costa’s Syndrome (Jankowsi 2010). Jankowsi (2010

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1602 words - 6 pages their mentality will shift from a completely negative perception of themselves to an awareness that demonstrates they are getting better. Having a vast interest in both clinical psychology, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been a topic of interest of mine. This paper will explain the criteria of diagnosing the disorder, risk factors, treatment options, financial hardships, suicide, and the various resources available to individuals with

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - 1578 words

1578 words - 7 pages year. These people have served in wars, have been raped or mugged, lived through natural disasters, terrorist attacks or car or plane crashes” (Mitchell). Anyone who experiences an unnerving situation is at risk for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD is seen as more of an archaic disorder in the Vietnam era but it is still relevant to modern day society. Rape victims and victims of car accidents will see something on the news about a new rape or

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - 1495 words

1495 words - 6 pages ). Ptsd statistics. Retrieved from http://healmyptsd.com/education/post traumatic-stress-disorder-statistics Smith, M., & Segal, J. (2014, March). Post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd). Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1860 words - 8 pages Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Definition of illness: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as “PTSD” is classified as an anxiety disorder in which a person has in the past experienced a stressful event such as a war, rape or physical and emotional abuse (Schiraldi, 2009). The DSM-V states that by witnessing, being involved or knowing a family member or friend that experienced such event can result into PTSD and involves a response of

Similar Essays

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay 1066 Words

1066 words - 4 pages witnessed a traumatic event, only an average of 7.7 million people in this age group has been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. PTSD is stress-related reactions, usually after a person experiences a traumatic experience, that do not go away over time and they often disrupt your life. Causes Post-traumatic stress disorder can result from various terrifying ordeals that involve physical harm or the threat of physical harm such as war

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay 853 Words

853 words - 4 pages During the course of any job, a person may possibly encounter things that might shock them. Many men and women who choose the career of being a police officer may often receive Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder due to the levels of violence they see throughout their daily lives. If a person has already suffered from traumatic experiences before in their lives, they can be at a greater risk of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Risk, 2010). Police

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay 883 Words

883 words - 4 pages Growing up in a military atmosphere has its pros and cons. As a child of a parent who was in the military, specifically the Marines, I had seen Irritability, difficulty of sleeping, flash-backs, outburst of anger, and feeling detached, but not of me but of my father. These symptoms are some of the signs of post-traumatic stress disorder or known as PTSD. Having a family member suffering from PTSD has a toll on every individual in the family, in

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay 678 Words

678 words - 3 pages , 2008, P14). “Chronic anxiety is a characteristic of ones personality that exists after a long time.” (Muscari, 2008, P14). “Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is anxiety that results from previous trauma such as military combat, rape, hostage situations, or a serious accident. PTSD often leads to flashbacks and behavioral changes in order to avoid certain stimuli.” (Crosta, 2013) Anxiety is a part of our daily lives and is an important emotion