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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

1602 words - 6 pages

Mental illnesses have been a stigma in society for great amount of time. Society tends to view individuals who possess these illnesses as someone who is insane. For this reason, many individuals do not seek treatment or deny their condition. If society learned more about certain disorders and the difficulty it is to live with them, perhaps the stigma will go away, or at least be reduced. The individual may then seek treatment with ease, as their mentality will shift from a completely negative perception of themselves to an awareness that demonstrates they are getting better. Having a vast interest in both clinical psychology, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been a topic of interest of mine. This paper will explain the criteria of diagnosing the disorder, risk factors, treatment options, financial hardships, suicide, and the various resources available to individuals with this disorder. Though we tend to view individuals with a mental illness only in regards to their mental health, there is a wide range of factors that affect the individual’s overall wellness, as the mind and the body are greatly dependent on one another.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder can turn into a very chronic condition that can immensely affect the daily lives of individual. As the name implies, there is a great amount of stress and fear related symptoms that follow a traumatic event. These events can range from something as extreme as being in combat or to something that can happen at any given moment, such as a car accident or assault. In general, we associate this disorder with veterans, as most develop signs of the disorder soon after coming back home, but in reality, PTSD can happen to anyone. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Illnesses lists eight criteria that an individual must meet in order to receive proper diagnosis of the disorder. These criteria are dependent whether one is older or younger than six years old, but are both very similar. Specifically in children, there will be more observable behavior during play, but otherwise, the symptoms are similar to adults. The patient must have been involved in the traumatic event, whether they were directly involved, witnessed, or heard about the event that involved someone close to them. Vivid flashbacks and nightmares are also an indicator of the disorder. These are not just any flashbacks; they relate to the event and cause a great amount of psychological arousal. There must also be avoidance of anything that reminds the patient of the traumatizing event. When looking at the persons mood patterns, there are usually negative behaviors and thoughts that the patient experiences. The symptoms regarding mood relate very closely to the symptoms that are present in depression and other mood disorders, such as irritability and loss of interest in things that were once enjoyable to the person. Just as any other disorder, for it to be considered for diagnosis and...

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