PTSD was first taken seriously when the Vietnam veterans returned from the war. Combat experience is the most commonly linked to this disorder. However, studies have shown that there are many different causes. These studies were applied to a wide variety of traumas that people have experienced in various horrific events. According to The National Institute of Mental Health, “about 4% of American adults ages 18-54 suffers from PTSD in a given year. These people have served in wars, have been raped or mugged, lived through natural disasters, terrorist attacks or car or plane crashes” (Mitchell). Anyone who experiences an unnerving situation is at risk for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD is seen as more of an archaic disorder in the Vietnam era but it is still relevant to modern day society.
Rape victims and victims of car accidents will see something on the news about a new rape or an accident which will cause them to relive their event. A rape victim will avoid watching the news because seeing victims of rape will cause them to remember what happened to them. These victims go through two phases, impact reactions and somatic reactions. An impact reaction is where the victims are in shock and disbelief. The somatic reactions are where the victims have physical trauma and they go through a long process of lifestyle changes. For example, changing residences (Springer).
After returning from the war or the traumatic experience, many people fail to realize that these victims suffer from depression, anxiety, and anger. Their reaction is categorized by frequent symptoms including reliving the traumatic event and emotional distress. PTSD is diagnosed if the person has been clinically distressed or impaired in any sort of function. Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder include nightmares, avoidance, and reliving the event. One of the key signs of this disorder is avoidance. Someone will avoid fireworks on the Fourth of July because it reminds them of gunshots.
Genes, emotions, and family background can all impact the intensity of the disorder. Any situation that causes stress, terror, helplessness, serious injury, or the threat of death can cause PTSD. “During a traumatic event, you think that your life or others' lives are in danger. You may feel afraid or feel that you have no control over what is happening around you. Most people have some stress-related reactions after a traumatic event; but, not everyone gets PTSD” (“PTSD”). Strong emotions caused by horrific events can create changes in the brain, which can bring about PTSD. If you have disturbing thoughts and feelings about an event it is likely this disorder.
Incidents that cause PTSD have drastic effects on their lives and their relationships. After the traumatic event, people think and act differently. There is something eating away at them. This is causing them to constantly be afraid, even after the danger is over. It is common among victims that the relationships they have...