Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Definition of illness:
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as “PTSD” is classified as an anxiety disorder in which a person has in the past experienced a stressful event such as a war, rape or physical and emotional abuse (Schiraldi, 2009). The DSM-V states that by witnessing, being involved or knowing a family member or friend that experienced such event can result into PTSD and involves a response of intense fear, helplessness or horror. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals who have suffered from PTSD experience episodic memories of the unsafe events that they had to endure and tend to avoid anything that may remind them of the event ...view middle of the document...
There are different types of therapy used as interventions when treating PTSD. These therapeutic interventions involve group therapy, cognitive-behavior therapy, exposure therapy and guided imagery (Thomas, 2008). The main goal of these interventions is to allow the individual express their feelings and let out all the negative feelings that they may have been holding (Thomas, 2008). Cognitive-behavior therapy can help a person identifying the negative thoughts and feelings and teaching them to look at things in a different and positive manner (Thomas, 2008). Guided imagery is a form of therapy where the patient is imagining themselves in a soothing and relaxing place, for example at a beach and lets their imagination provide relief (Thomas, 2008). This type of intervention has shown to help the patient with decreasing pain, lower blood pressure and limit the length at a hospital (Thomas, 2008). Those who have PTSD may want to treat themselves by the use of medication. Two medications that help with the symptoms are Zoloft and Paxil (Thomas, 2008). These medications assist by calming the body and help relieving symptoms such as negative thoughts, hypervigilance as well as blocking panic and depression attacks (Thomas, 2008).
As stated in Chowdhury and Pancha, “PTSD symptoms may last from several months to many years” (2011). Emphasis on safety, support from family and peers, psychotherapy where it gives the individual the opportunity to express his feelings to others, and medication to help with anxiety or depression can all help reduce the symptoms that one may experience with PTSD (Chowdhury & Pancha, 2011).
As reported by Thomas, “according to the 2006 report by the National Insititue of Mental Health, 7.7 million adults suffer from PTSD, and of that population, twice as many women than men are afflicted” (2008). Studies have shown that children are more prone to develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder due to children not having the full extent of dealing with traumatic stressful events because of their brain not being fully developed (Thomas, 2008). “The British National Survey of Mental Health of over 10,000 children (Meltzer et al, 2000) reported that 0.4 % of children aged 11-15 years were diagnosed with PTSD, with girls showing twice the rate of boys” (Chowdhury & Pancha, 2011).
In the case of Irene, the theory that would be appropriate in her cause would be the cognitive-behavioral theory. This theory is based on foundation that our thoughts and feelings are united (Thomas, 2008). The cognitive-behavior theory analyzes negative feelings and emotions and instructs the individual involved in the event to look at the situation from a different perspective and change their negative thoughts into positive thoughts (Thomas, 2008). Irene witnessed a horrific event of seeing her mother and two younger brothers die in a house fire. Due to these traumatic events, she...