Postmodernism Essay

5160 words - 21 pages

Edebiyat Teorileri ders NotlarıPOSTMODERNİZM"Avrupa'da bir hayalet geziniyor: Postmodernizm…Postmodern hayaletin dokunmadığı neredeyse tek bir entelektüel faaliyet alanı yok. Bu hayalet , mimariden zoolojiye kadar her kültürel disiplinin üzerinde iz bırakıyor;biyoloji, ormancılık, coğrafya, tarih, hukuk, edebiyat ve tüm sanat dalları, tıp ,siyaset, felsefe vb.'ye kadar uzanıyor. Ancak bu şekilsiz varlık gene de bir hayalet ve oldukça korkunç bir hayalet olarak kalıyor….'(Thomas D. Dochherty, 'Postmodernizm:Giriş', s.7)Dünyada yaklaşık 20- 25 yıllık bir zamandan beri 'Post'lu kelimeler oldukça popülerite kazanmıştır. Türkiye'de de aynı durum rahatlıkla gözlenebilir . Bunun için herhangi bir kitapçıya gitmek ve postmodernizmle ilgili bir kitap sormak yeterlidir.Kitapçının uzatacağı yüzlerce Türkçe veya çeviri kitap bu kavramın popülerliği hakkında açık bir delildir.Postmodernizmi anlamak için bir önceki çağa yani Modern çağa genel bir çerçeveyle bakmak uygun olacaktır. Zaten bu metinde Postmodernizmle ilgili olarak verilecek bilgilerin çoğu Modernizm'le karşılaştırma yapılarak ortaya konulmuştur. İki akımı karşılaştırarak anlatmak konuyu daha açık kılmaktadır. Ayrıca Postmodernizm akımının bünyesinde taşıdığı özellikler de bunu gerektirmektedir. Çünkü Postmodernizm, Modernizmin getirdiği hemen her şeye tepki olarak doğmuş olup Modernizm'e karşı başkaldırı özelliği taşıyan bir akımdır.1-AYDINLANMA VE MODERNİZMAydınlanma ile Modernizm birbirine sıkısıkıya bağlıdır. Modern düşüncenin fikir mimarları Aydınlanma düşünürleridir. Bu yüzden Modernizmi daha iyi anlama için Aydınlanma dönemini incelemek gerekmektedir.a) AydınlanmaAydınlanma, İngilizce 'light' (ışık) kelimesinden türetilmiş olup enlightenment terimini karşılamaktadır. Hampson'un Aydınlanma ile ilgili olarak belirtikleri Aydınlanma'nın özünü vermesi açısından önemlidir:"Aydınlanma teriminden anlaşılacak olan yaşamın bir çok yönüne nüfuz etmiş düşünme ve davranış biçimleridir. Tarihsel olguların, sanat yapıtlarının, bilimsel buluş ve felsefi...

Find Another Essay On Postmodernism

Postmodernism: Myths and Realities Essay

1985 words - 8 pages Postmodernism: Myths and Realities A number of theorists and scholars have proclaimed that we now live in a postmodern world--a world better explained by theories and concepts different from those of the modern world dating from the Enlightenment and before. The theories and concepts of postmodernism are widely and prominently applied in adult education. So, how do postmodernists characterize postmodernism? What are the critics' critiques

Postmodernism in Latin America Essay

715 words - 3 pages Postmodernism in Latin America Postmodernism is the 19th and 20th century reaction against the previously dominant western foundationalism, or modernism. Foundationalism is rooted in classic Cartesian philosophy: ontologically, an objective reality exists independent of our perception of this reality and we can gain access to it if our theories are logically based on some indubitable foundation. For Descartes, this indubitable

Postmodernism in the Theatre

942 words - 4 pages Postmodernism is a reaction to the classical types of art and theatre that had existed up until modern history, which relied on literature as the main focus of a work. The postmodernist movement began after the modernist movement, which occurred during the 19th and 20th centuries. Postmodernism is not necessary meant to be the opposite of art forms from the past, but rather, it is meant to open a person up to new experiences. Some postmodernist

Postmodernism And Cyberpunk

2582 words - 10 pages UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÃ"NOMA DE MÉXICO FACULTAD DE FILOSOFÃA Y LETRAS Letras Modernas Final Essay Sandra Manzanares Cantú Thesis Statement: "Burning Chrome" by William Gibson and "The Undefeated" by Irvine Welsh share characteristics that highlight the close relationship of the literary trends they belong to (Cyberpunk and Postmodernism.) OUTLINE 1. DESCRIPTION OF POSTMODERNISM 1.1 Main characteristics

Postmodernism and The Simpsons

8511 words - 34 pages HugvísindadeildHugvísindadeildHugvísindadeildHugvísindadeild Postmodernism and The Simpsons Intertextuality, Hyperreality and Critique of Metanarratives Ritgerð til B.A.-prófs Björn Erlingur Flóki Björnsson Kt. 110982-5779 Maí 2006 Abstract This essay offers a postmodernist reading of the popular television program The Simpsons, with special regard to the postmodern theories of

What is postmodernism

2452 words - 10 pages In trying to define exactly what post-modernism is I shall firstly briefly consider some of the events and thinking that led up to the development of this particular school of social theory. I shall then consider some of the common strands of thinking in postmodernism concentrating mainly on the writings of Jean-Francois Lyotard and Jean Baudrillard. I shall then consider the view of David Harvey, a Marxist many consider to be writing in the

Postmodernism! What, What!

1649 words - 7 pages How do The Bluest Eye and The Color Purple relate to the postmodernist era they were written in? Postmodern writings, like any other time in literature, have certain characteristics that make them unique. Just as romanticism loves nature and death, postmodernism has things it values as well, such as parody and black humor. From World War II to present, postmodern literature has been dominate in the world. Alice Walker's The Color

Applying Postmodernism to Amelie

1952 words - 8 pages meaning in her life by doing good deeds for others around her. Amelie is a film which was made in the modern society of France, but one of the elements that makes this a postmodern film is its tendency to look back at past times, be retrospective of modernism in our society and build an image of it. Postmodernism is to be understood as a movement beyond modernism which is nonetheless able to make use of modernism techniques and conventions as one

The Evolution Of Postmodernism

590 words - 2 pages The change from modernism to postmodernism was a direct result in the changes in society. Events such as World War I, World War II, Vietnam, and the civil rights movement affected the way people looked at the world. Things were changing faster than they had ever before and many people had trouble dealing with it. In a matter of thirty years, the social norm went from a conservative, divided nation to a liberal almost united nation. With all of

Jameson's Theory of Postmodernism

3422 words - 14 pages political structures were to be re-examined through many cultural critics. Frederic Jameson’s theory of Postmodernism, which he analysed through historical and cultural contexts, was revolutionary. Jameson explored Postmodernism as a result of and progression of capitalism. However as capitalism dynamically progresses into the 21st century it is possible to assume that Jameson’s theories of Postmodernism acting as a core part of a social

Feminism and Postmodernism

1067 words - 5 pages Adrienne Rich’s Snapshot of a Daughter-in-law and Don DeLillo’s End Zone use negative diction and imagery to describe their thoughts on feminism and postmodernism. Rich uses negative diction and imagery to describe a woman who has adapted to the world’s opinion of what a woman should be and what women should do in the home. DeLillo uses negative diction to describe Myna after she conforms to beauty of the day. Rich brings in ideas of how

Similar Essays

Postmodernism Essay

650 words - 3 pages Postmodernism The 20th Century, in many ways, can be remembered as a time of scientific and technological revolution. The innovations and rapid growth in many areas of technology have cast doubt upon words such as ignorance and impossibility. This revolution also instigated new and/or radical ideas in the world of academia. The growth of post-modernism and its adherers in historical circles have caused quite a stir in dealing with the

Postmodernism Essay

3427 words - 14 pages I put this in one big entry because I found it tedious to just split it up by chapters, hopefully this is acceptable, and understandable because it was understandable to me!!!!! Anyway his book was ok, it was rather a looooong read, and for some reason hard because it doesn't seem like it was written for my people my age. But anyway...There have been so many different views, that were hurtful to others, or just didn't "sit right" with them and

Genealogy Of Postmodernism Essay

1237 words - 5 pages Genealogy of Postmodernism INTRODUCTION Genealogy of Postmodernism CONCLUSION The first half of the twentieth century was full of political and social changes, which affected the lives of people, but also it has a great influence in the field of art. Many intellectuals wanted to express their ideas differently. They criticized this society and felt needs to express their discontent. These new tendencies were highly experimental and innovative

An Overview Of Postmodernism Essay

2754 words - 11 pages to Mexican immigrants, gradually, these groups found an open window towards freedom of expression in arts and literature alongside their fight for social inclusion and acceptance. It is in this background that Postmodernism started taking shape and became a common ground on which practitioners from all social domains would produce their work. There are many voices debating the meanings of postmodernism, discussing its validity or simply denying