This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Postpartum Depression And Child Development: An Investigation Of Mothers And Fathers As Sources Of Risk And Resilience

994 words - 4 pages

Written for my "Child Development" class this paper is a journal review of an article dealing with postpartum depression of mother's and father's being a influence on child temperment. The "article" is fully cited in case one want to read it themselves. Enjoy...Postpartum depression and child development: An investigation of mothers and fathers as sources of risk and resilienceCarro, M.G., Grant, K.E., Gotlib, I.H., and Compas, B.E., (1992). Postpartumdepression and child development: An investigation of mothers and fathers as sources or risk and resilience, Development and Psychopathology, 5, 566-579.Reasons:I chose this article because of my interest in the influences of outside forces on aspects of temperament and personality in infants. In fact the title of the article was enough to entrigue me into wanting to use this article for my report. I believe that a depressive environment can promote a depressed personality which in turn can influence temperament negatively and visa versa.Summary of Study:This participants of this study consisted of 70 mothers and fathers who were part of a larger longitudinal study investigating the development and consequences of depression during the postpartum period. The subjects of the larger study were "conveniently" recruited when they arrived for their first appointment with an obstetrician during pregnancy. From the larger study 130 mothers were "randomly" chosen and approached to participate in this study and of the 122 mother's who agreed 70 had husbands who also agreed. At the time the study began the mother's had a mean age of 28.97 years, (Standard Deviation = 3.68), with a mean of 14.48 years of education, (Standard Deviation = 2.17); father's had a mean age of 30.73 years, (Standard Deviation = 4.28), and a mean of 14.47 years of education, (Standard Deviation = 2.73).The participant's depressive symptoms were measured using the BDI rating scale. This 21-item self-report measures affective, cognitive, motivational, and physiological symptoms of depression, and is one of the most frequently used depression rating scales. Each item above consists of four self-evaluative statements scored from 0 to 3 depending on the intensity of each symptom. "Research assessing the validity of the BDI as a diagnostic instrument has found significant correlations of the BDI with psychiatric rating in both psychiatric and student samples," (Michelle G. Carro, Kathryne E. Grant, Ian H. Gotlib, and Bruce E. Compas, 570).The mean BDI scores for mothers and fathers are comparable to those reported in other communities. Twenty mothers, (29%), and seven fathers, (10%), exceeded the cut-off scores (>9) for mild depressive symptoms; three mothers, (4%), and two fathers, (3%), exceeded the cut-off (>18) for moderate depressive symptoms which is a normative sample for this scale. Mothers and fathers depressive symptoms on the BDI were also moderately from postpartum to follow-up with, r = .56, p < .01, and r = .63, P...

Find Another Essay On Postpartum depression and child development: An investigation of mothers and fathers as sources of risk and resilience

Bambi's Misrepresentation Of Absent Fathers And Present Mothers

1430 words - 6 pages Bambi's Misrepresentation of Absent Fathers and Present Mothers Is a mother figure an essential part of a family or is she futile after her aid in the creation of the family? Are father figures more responsible with their parental duties? Although raising a family is a shared effort between two parents, Disney usually praises the father's part in the upbringing of his family, while the mother's part generally goes without

Risk and Resilience in Adolescence Essay

1829 words - 8 pages to perceive problem behavior and resilience rather as a dynamic process (Kumpfer, 1999 cited in Perkins & Borden, 2003). Based on this, it is inevitable not just emphasize the demand for further investigation of risk factors in adolescence, but also the theories developed on resilience need to be put into praxis in order to protect young people exposed to risks and maintain their healthy psychological and physical future development

Diagnosis of Postpartum Depression

671 words - 3 pages of a baby such as having a miscarriage. The causes of this disease is a change in hormones and you could have been born with it. Sometimes a first time mother who has experienced postpartum depression probably felt that they would not be a good mother to their baby. An example of this can be found in the story when the narrator states, “It is fortunate Mary is good with the baby. Such a dear baby! And yet I cannot be with him, it makes me so

Overview of Postpartum Depression

718 words - 3 pages suffering from depression can increase dramatically. The risk for PPD increases if there is a family history of depression, a weak support system, financial issues, unplanned or unwanted pregnancy, and/or an experience of stressful events within the past year. Research suggests that 10%-15% of women suffer from PPD during their first postpartum year. This condition negatively affects maternal and fetal well-being which can result in attachment

Technology as an Aid in Education and Child Development

2057 words - 9 pages , children are becoming so addicted to technology there is an increasing rate of child health disorders; such as obesity and anxiety. But when we look at the positive side effects, children are becoming more socially and emotionally confident, children with mental or learning disabilities have better chance at learning the content, and educational media is making it easier on teachers and students in schools. The positive impacts of technology in the

Collaboration and Co-creation: An Investigation of a New Product Development Process

2103 words - 8 pages have created a shift in doing business, the traditional business centric where firms create value and deliver to the customer is being challenged. The firm-centric view regards value creation happening inside the firm, ascribing both firm and customer distinct roles as producer and consumer and focusing on “targeting and managing the ‘right’ customer” (Prahalad & Ramaswamy, 2004, p.6). With the development of Internet technology, namely the

Innovation as an Important Element of Economic Development and Advancement

1956 words - 8 pages Innovation is important on many levels and important for many different reasons. In this case, for an island such as Grenada, innovation is an important element of economic development and advancement. According to The Conference Board of Canada (2014), innovation can be defined as the process through which economic and social value is extracted from knowledge through the generation, development, and implementation of ideas to produce

The Warning Signs and Risk Factors of Teen Depression

1175 words - 5 pages problem to youth in an attempt to help them (Strunk). Overcoming teen depression becomes realistic once society acknowledges the signs, warnings, causes, and treatment options, and finding ways to make them available to a majority of teens with major depression. Although at one point, teen depression only looked like a time of unhappiness as a result of puberty and individuality, major teen depression still presents a medical concern in today. Major

Child Development and the Process of Learning

1355 words - 5 pages on children’s long-term negative development. However Hughes (2008) support parents smacking their children as a form of discipline explaining that parents are able to manage and guide children’s behaviour more effectively. Discipline is not the same as positive guidance where as discipline is demanding the child to get to some kind expectations unwillingly (McFarland, Saunders, & Allen, 2008). For instance a child will be told that he or she

Synthesis of Ivan Turgenev's Fathers and Sons

1524 words - 6 pages Fathers and Sons by Russian author, Ivan Turgenev, is set in the Russian countryside in the mid 1900’s. The novel tells the story of a new coming belief and religion that causes a lot of tumult between the age generations in the country. The older individuals continue to follow tradition, while most of the younger generation starts believing a new belief: nihilism. We generally define nihilism as “the rejection of all religious and moral

Patterns of Elite Bargains and State Resilience in Nigeria

4113 words - 17 pages , Washington,DC . Retrieved from http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/pdf/10.1596/1813-9450-5884 Awogbenle,A & Iwuamadi,K.(2010). Youth unemployment: Entrepreneurship Development Programme as an intervention mechanism. African Journal of Business Management,4(6), 831-835, Awopetu, A., Adelusi, O., & Oluwashakin, A. (2012). Zoning formula and the party politics in Nigerian democracy: a crossroad for PDP in 2015 presidential election. Research on

Similar Essays

An Investigation Of Postpartum Depression Essay

1133 words - 5 pages An Investigation of Postpartum Depression Missing Works Cited The recent Andrea Yates murder trial brought a firestorm of controversy as the issue of postpartum depression (PPD) became a debated topic throughout the country. Did Andrea truly suffer from psychosis as she drowned her five children in the bathtub or was such defense a scheme to avoid the death sentence? Prosecutors suggested the spousal-revenge theory as a motive for the

The Relationship Between Sleep Quality And Mothers With Postpartum Depression Compared To Mothers Without Ppd

1985 words - 8 pages The study by Posmontier (2008) examines the relationship between sleep quality and mothers with postpartum depression (PPD) compared to mothers who do not have PPD. This research paper will review and critique various sections of the study. Study Question Postmontier (2008) clearly states two research questions along with what the researcher is looking to obtain from the data received. The first research question compares sleep quality

Effects And Treatments Of Postpartum Depression

1555 words - 6 pages psychologist at Eastern Virgina Medical School assessed the parents of 5,089 infants and found that 10% of the fathers had signs of moderate to severe depression. (Greenhaven Print 94) Although PPD in men is understudied, it has been discovered that parenthood prompts hormonal changes in men as well. Postpartum Depression in one or both parents can also have an effect on the child. Another psychiatrist from Oxford University, found that children

Postpartum Depression And Analysis Of Treatments And Health Determinants

909 words - 4 pages The objective of this paper is to develop a thorough understanding of treatments available for mothers with postpartum depression and formulate a research question that can provide for future direction. Postpartum depression is universally recognized as a serious condition affecting 10-15% of women within a year of birth (O’Hara & Swain, 1992). The high prevalence of postpartum depression among mothers makes this an issue worth