Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Battered Women
Barbai, Ben-Shakhar and Shalev (2007) conducted a research study to investigate the role that learned helplessness (LH) played in the length and severity of violence towards the female population as well as the severity of symptoms and diagnosis of major depression (MDD) and Post Traumatic Stress disorder (PTSD) on women who had been exposed to domestic violence for a long period of time. The study took place with 101 battered women who reside at different shelters in Israel.
Out of the eleven shelters for battered women the researchers visited eight over the course of 18 months. 140 women were asked to participate in ...view middle of the document...
Furthermore THQ (Trauma History Questionnaire) analyzed sexual abuse, threats, abuse from spouse and the period of time they had been exposed to different types of events that has been traumatic to them; whether it was crime, was abuse during childhood or losing a loved member. It was organized by extent of injury and times of occurrence. The participants signed informed consent and where financially compensated for their participation.
In conclusion, about eighty percent of the women that had been diagnosed with PTSD have co morbid clinical disorders (35% had MDD, 13% pain disorder, 12% specific phobias, and finally 10% had Body Dysmorphic Disorder). Substance abuse was found to not be a frequent diagnosis. Women in the PTSD group score highly in depression symptom severity, LH, total, sexual and verbal violence. The population in the same group that had a lower education level had a high measurement in a male dominant background, abuse during childhood, abuse-related stress, total trauma-related stress, total number of life traumas, number of ER visits and amount of smoking.
This is study is an example of a correlational research because the research did not manipulate or influenced the variables. The only thing that was done was to record the experiences of battered women or non-battered women to get to a conclusion whether battered women are more susceptible to learned helplessness. In this case the independent variable of the research was whether the women had been abused or not and the dependent variable was the diagnosis of PTSD, MDD and other clinical disorders.
It seems like the authors correctly interpreted their findings they organized everything in tables and graphs so it would be easier to interpret. Furthermore there are no other interpretations that could be thought of. The researchers used ethical safeguards in the sense that all women were properly given instructions and they all signed an informed consent.
One thing that could be changed in this study is that the population sample used are battered...