Posturing To Promote Respiratory Function Essay

1268 words - 5 pages

 Respiration is vital for all physiological systems to function and is especially important for patients that are recovering from disease and invasive medical procedures. Respiration is contingent on how much pressure is exerted on the internal organs and how much resistance these organs meet when trying to relieve this pressure. In this regard, posture has a great influence on how well the respiratory system functions. It has been found that standing and lying in an augmented prone position are the best postures for promotion of respiratory function, as these positions allow more room for respiratory muscles to move and decrease resistance. In these positions, patients are able to intake greater amounts of air, which allows for greater perfusion of oxygen to the tissues, in turn allowing the tissues to heal faster. These postures are found to be most beneficial in patients who suffer from respiratory distress or have similar symptoms. The position that best promotes respiratory function is not always one that is used by medical professionals, as many variables influence this decision. Practitioners must consider the complex needs of the patients when deciding how to treat them. This process often leads the professional to place the patient in positions that are less beneficial to respiratory function in order to accommodate other needs of the patient, such as medical equipment or relief of pressure sores. Further barriers to use of the evidence-based practice are the overall practicality of placing a patient in the discussed postures. It may be very difficult to place a patient in an augmented prone position if he or she is in respiratory distress, as this position seems counterintuitive to the patient. Other patients may not be able to physically assume these postures due to muscle weakness or other physical ailments. Patients with respiratory ailments who are placed in the augmented prone position or standing position will require less treatment and may recover from their conditions in less time. This reduces the overall cost for the healthcare center and improves patient care and satisfaction. Currently, positioning for respiratory function is used when practical and in the patient’s best interest. As such, this practice should not be changed.  The following articles showcase evidence-based practice, and review how and when professionals utilize such practices.

Research Literature Review

 Effect of Different Sitting Postures on Lung Capacity, Expiratory Flow, and Lumbar Lordosis by Fang Lin et al. is a study conducted to investigate the effect of sitting posture on lung capacity, expiratory flow (LC-EF) and Lumbar Lordosis (Lin, Parthasarathy, Taylor, Pucci, Hendrix & Makhsous, 2006). In the study, forty participants were examined to determine which of four postures was best for respiratory function. The experimenters used a normal sitting position, a slumped position, a standing position, and a WO-BPS sitting position to test which...

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