Chance Or Planning. Scientists And Their Lives. Mentiones Darwin, Watson, Crick, Franklin, And Wilkins

1171 words - 5 pages

Intelligence and planning are necessary factors in scientific research, however chance and luck are also important and somewhat necessary factors. The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and the memoir, The Double Helix, written by James Watson, prove this assertion. Charles Darwin, James Watson and Francis Crick were all intelligent men that planned their experiments, however without chance and luck their success and scientific achievement would not be as great.Intelligence and planning are important in scientific discovery, but are not always the dominating forces that drive scientific research. Such is the case with Charles Darwin, James Watson and Francis Crick. All three of these men were extremely intellectual, but their intellect only contributed partially to their success. Intellect and planning, combined with chance and luck contributed to their overall success.People take chances on a daily basis. If you actually stop and think about it, life is one big game of chance. It is by chance that we are born, that we continue to survive, and that we will eventually die. Some people feel that this cycle occurs do to the will of God, others, like Charles Darwin believe that it happens based on chance or natural selection. Whatever you believe or disbelieve, life cannot be planned. No matter how hard a person attempts to 'plan' their path in life, it is by chance and luck where that path takes us.Darwin's career was also based on chance, not planning. Darwin never planned to become a scientist or the father of natural selection. It was by pure chance that he obtained the job on the voyage of the Beagle, which started his career. Darwin stated about this voyage that, 'The voyage of the Beagle has been the by far the most important event in my life and has determined my whole career. . .' (Darwin, p.76) Darwin had not planned to take the trip on the Beagle, he obtained the opportunity by mere chance. One can attempt to 'plan' for a job or career, but chance and luck are the major factors which allow for success. Although Darwin's intellect played a role in obtaining the position, chance and luck were the major factors.Many scientists suffer great strokes of luck. Two other scientists that did not 'plan' their success were James Watson and Francis Crick. These two men were not great planners of scientific research, but through chance and luck they obtained their scientific goal. Watson and Crick discovered the structure of DNA and its double helix. Rosalind Franklin, Maurice Wilkins, and Linus Pauling were other scientists that were extremely close to discovering the structure of DNA at the same time as Watson and Crick. They all had basically the same information, however Watson and Crick, due to chance and luck finished the race first, but not very far ahead of their competitors. Watson and Crick admit that the race to find the structure of DNA was close, however their luck or chance contributed tremendously to their achievement. Watson and Crick,...

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