In many parts of the world, poverty has been a continuing issue of concern. The weight of the concern affects both developed and developing states. By broad definition, poverty can be defined as the scarcity or deprivation of basic human needs, such as food, shelter, and clothing. There are various reasons why the world is experiencing such state. By knowing the reasons, we can analyze and determine what it needs to be done in order to address the issue and help alleviate the problems faced by these countries.
II. Poverty and Its Relevance
It is an issue due to its disruptive effects to society and the economy. If people do not have access to clean waters, adequate food, and permanent shelter, it could lead to poor sanitation, polluted environment, and escalated crime and violence.
There are many effects of poverty to people, such as unemployment, poor housing and living conditions, alcohol and substance abuse, lack or no education, and water and food related diseases (www.poverties.org, 2013). It can be a continuing cycle. Because of no education, there would be unemployment, poor housing conditions, diseases and substance abuse, etc. It could also be the other way, blaming the other effects for plagues the society has received from poverty.
Another effect of poverty is crime. Among impoverished areas, crime is one of the obvious effects of poverty due to high unemployment rates. Low incomes tend to prompt property-related crimes, such as burglary and illegal trafficking. In a broader sense, discrimination and social bias generate violent crimes. Lack of social cohesion and harmony can lead to riots and social unrest (www.poverties.org, 2013).
Although there is no direct proof that poverty effects the environment, undeveloped technologies can affect the environment in a lot of ways. Limited access to education will lead to the lack of developed technologies, depletion of natural resources, and production of toxic wastes, which in return, can negatively affect our surroundings. If people are not informed of the ways to properly take care of the environment, it will result to poor sanitation, and eventually, poor health conditions (www.poverties.org, 2013).
Poverty is affecting billions of people around the world. Statistics have shown that more than 1.3 billion live on less than $1.25 a day, which can be considered as extreme poverty (Shah, 2013). Deaths have been attributed to poverty as well. A few people in the world have access to proper healthcare and, adequate food and water. As a result of malnutrition and limited healthcare, in 2011, 165 million children under the age 5 were said to have reduced rate of growth and development (Shah, 2013). 22,000 children die each day due to poverty-related reasons (Shah, 2013) and 40 million poverty stricken people are living with HIV/AIDS (Human Development Report, 2007).
According to Human Development Report (2007), half of the world also experience water problems. One...