Poverty in the United States
Poverty is defined by Webster says the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. The most common measure of poverty in the U.S. is called the poverty threshold. This measure determines the lack of food and needs commonly taken for granted. The federal poverty threshold for a family of four is approximately $ 23,550 dollars a year in 2013. Many people will have at some point lived below the poverty level for at least a year according to the government. Poverty rate are constantly high in rural and inner city areas in the United States. According to the November 2012 census bureau more than 16% of the population in the United States lived in poverty. This includes 20% of American children. In 2011, child poverty reached an all-time high with over 16.7 million children living without enough food for the day. (US Census Bureau, 2013).
Effects of poverty
The effects of poverty are more than always going to be serious. Some major ways poverty affects the united states is: higher crime rates ,alcohol and substance abuse, poor housing, poor water care, and frequent illnesses. Children who grow up with constant poverty have more frequent and severe health problems. Infants who are born to mother who live in poverty are more likely to have low birth weights, which has been associated with preventable mental and physical disabilities. Not only are these babies typical sick they tend to pass away from failure to thrive before their first birthday. Studies have shown that when stress levels are at an all-time high in a family because of poverty, the levels of family’s violence rises. This puts children, elderly and women at a higher risk of being abused. (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013).