This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Poverty And Homicide Essay

2105 words - 8 pages

Hypothesis
In this study, I will examine the relationship between poverty and homicide. I anticipate that there will be a significant association between the increase of poverty rates and the increase of homicide rates. The null hypothesis states that there is no significance relationship between poverty and homicide. The alternative hypothesis states that there will be a significant relationship between poverty and homicide. The two theories I found to explain the increase of poverty and homicide rates in the urban community are Merton’s strain theory and Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization theory. Merton’s strain theory states that social structures limits access to the goal of success through legitimate means (Lilly et al., 1995, p. 53). Shaw and McKay’s social disorganization theory states that the weakened family and communal tie that bound people together affects the social control of a community (Lilly et al., 1995, p. 53).
Research Design and Sample
The research design used for this study is an exploratory, cross-sectional, quantitative design. The exploratory design attempts to examine a correlation or connection that has not yet been explained clearly. The cross-sectional design will studied issues or research questions at one specific point in time (Senese, 1997). The independent variable (poverty) and dependent variable (homicide) were studied during 2009. The quantitative design is an empirical investigation that measures the relationship between poverty and homicide. To obtain data for my research I used three different sources to analysis were Federal Investigation Bureau’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Report (UCR), Economic Research Service (ERS), and United State Census Bureau. Secondary data analysis is research that relies on data that have been collected by someone other than the researcher (Senese, 1997).
The sample size for this study is fifty (N=50). The sample size is a non probability sampling. The problem with non probability sampling is that an element being drawn is not known, so there is no way to tell if the sample chosen represents the population (Madden & Walker, 2005, p. 333). Although there are slight problems in using a non probability sampling, it is more convenient, less expensive, and easier to collect data than other sampling methods (Madden & Walker, 2005, p. 333).
Data Collection and Measurement
The independent variable is poverty and the dependent variable is homicide. I use Economic Research Service (ERS), U.S. Census Bureau, and The Federal Bureau Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Report (UCR) for secondary sources.
The units of analysis being studied are States. The data measurements on poverty were taken from the United States Census Bureau. The U.S. Census Bureau uses a set of income thresholds of various family sizes and composition to determine who falls under the poverty guidelines (U.S. Census Bureau, Poverty, 2010). The income used to compute poverty status is money before taxes and...

Find Another Essay On Poverty and Homicide

Research Essay

1345 words - 6 pages the comparison of material levels between different groups of society. In this case, it is between those who have the least and the other groups. Studies have found higher homicide rates in areas with a greater degree of economic inequality and have found it to be a more significant component than poverty. Cities with higher rates of economic inequality are compared to those with less. New York and Los Angeles have wider gaps between the rich and

Things We Can Do To Put Our Youth Back On Track

969 words - 4 pages can get involved in their own community. They need people they can talk to. Teenagers feel pressured by their parents afraid of letting them down if they cannot get the grades the parents want them to; or afraid to talk to their parents about their boyfriend/girlfriends. They need someone to talk to that they feel will not judge them. According to research by “Child Trends Databank. (2012). Teen homicide, suicide and firearm deaths,” “that homicide

Suicide Victims and Homicide Offenders

2412 words - 10 pages Suicide victims and homicide offenders require special attention from both the government and the society in order to realize a positive change. Such people affect the moral stability of the society. This means that they must be assisted to eliminate immoralities and encourage the realization of a stable society in the future (Gartner & Macmillan, 1995). The rates of Suicide victims and homicide cases are on the increase in various regions

Gun Control

1133 words - 5 pages Southern Poverty Law Center and the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence; those opposed to gun control include the National Rifle Association and Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership.ReferencesKirby R. Cundiff, "Homicide Rates and Substance Control Policy," Independent Institute List of Working Papers (Indpendent Institute, 2001)Pat Lewis, ed. "Gun Control," West's Encyclopedia of American Law (West, 1997)Mary J. Ruwart, Healing Our World

absolut Failure

1672 words - 7 pages in the United States. America was thriving economically, and big cities were booming. However, some Americans thought that this was not a good thing, because of the social problems that came with the urban culture. The “Dry’s”, as Prohibitionists were referred to, saw large cities as providing people with readily available alcohol. This in turn led to an increase in crime, poverty and immorality. During the period of 1911-1915 the average per

Project Safe Neighborhoods

1197 words - 5 pages across the United States. It is important for Federal and local Law Enforcement agencies to work together to enforce the Project Safe Neighborhoods and other projects similar in cities and communities where the homicide and gun violence rates are crucially high. It is each officer’s duty to make sure we do our duty as Law Enforcement to provide safe neighborhoods and save lives every day. By placing Project Safe Neighborhoods in high crime areas

The Abolishment of Capital Punishment

2581 words - 10 pages death penalty have homicide rates above the national average (Bonner & Fessenden). In a state-by-state analysis, The New York Times found that during the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48 percent to 101 percent higher than in states without the death penalty (Bonner & Fessenden). The poverty rate in states with the death penalty, as a whole, was 13.4 percent in 1990, compared with 11.4 percent in states

Poverty and Crime in America

3686 words - 15 pages Crime in this country is an everyday thing. Some people believe that crime is unnecessary. That people do it out of ignorance and that it really can be prevented. Honestly, since we live in a country where there is poverty, people living in the streets, or with people barely getting by, there will always be crime. Whether the crime is robbing food, money, or even hurting the people you love, your family. You will soon read about how

states of the US

926 words - 4 pages Nevada topping the list of most dangerous States, it’s always best to identity where you would be most vulnerable. So do you live among Top 10 most dangerous states of US in 2014? See this list to find out. 10. Oklahoma FBI statistics gathered from UCR indicate that in 2014, there was a notable increase in crimes like aggravated assaults and forcible rape in the State of Oklahoma. Possible reasons include poverty and gang related issues. High

A Tale of Two Societies

741 words - 3 pages Violence throughout our time has been evident ever since the beginning of our human species. From verbal to physical, one will not go through his/her lifetime without understanding the violent nature of other people. Richard Wilkinson brought up a point that “More unequal societies tend to be more violent” (Wilkinson 2). Wilkinson shows that there is a prominent correlation between income and homicide. Lower incomes shows higher rates of

Crime rates in the United States during World War II

4594 words - 18 pages data from over seven decades ago. This allows us to compare the rates from 1930 to the present times. It is a great tool in the study of crime patterns and trends through time. It can also aid in its prevention.Wartime can be especially straining on the societies morale and spirits. Poverty caused by instability in the country can contribute to the number of criminal incidences. War brings the ideas of bad political leadership, fear and uncertainty

Similar Essays

The Relationship Between Race, Income And Criminal Victimization Over Time

635 words - 3 pages higher income households. This changed in 1994, when poor households were 60 percent more likely to be burglarized than wealthier households. The second source was the neighborhood-level Chicago homicide data. Homicide rates at a point in time are generally related to median family income. However, this relationship has weakened over time for blacks and disappeared completely for whites by 1990.The theoretical definition of poverty is the difficulty

Homicide Influences: How Culture, Religion, And The Economy Affect Homicide Rates

1081 words - 5 pages is unavailable and may be amplified by moderate or high levels of poverty. However, when socioeconomic disadvantage is so severe that there is widespread institutional breakdown, strategies of action promoting more predatory and instrumental forms of violence may also evolve.” (Lee, 2011) Basically, culture is one of the most important influences in a persons decision making and therefore can increase the possibility of homicide and/or another

Policing Gangs In Society Essay

2220 words - 9 pages Policing Gangs in Today's SocietyGang violence has posed a major problem for law enforcement in the last twenty years. Although overall homicide rates in the United States have declined between the 1980's and the 1990's, youth homicide rates, particularly incidents involving firearms have increased dramatically. In the past, the police would assign responsibility for gang control to units such as patrol, juvenile bureaus, community relations

Fair Punishment And The Death Penalty

908 words - 4 pages . Using capital punishment is expensive, I agree. The loss of money, however, is not significant. The poverty rate is about the same in states with or without the death penalty (Bonner). Statistics say that half the states with the death penalty have homicide rates above the national average, and 10 of the 12 states without the death penalty have homicide rates below the national average (Bonner). "Whatever the factors are that affect