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Poverty And Inequality Essay

1851 words - 7 pages

Poverty and inequality exist in every developed culture and often are only patched in order for society to continue upwardly. Poverty and inequality in the United States exists for many reasons; reasons that very from the prospective lens. Interpretive theories in particular ask us to question our reality and its constructs. Interpretive theories require us to looks at the world as a social realm, one that we created and constantly change. Interpretive theories study the relationship between power and the construction of social roles as well as the invisible collection of patterns and habits that make up domination, (Delgado & Stefanic, 2001). Susan Kemp argues that the view of the world is dominated by the experiences of white western males often of the bourgeoisie, (2001). Within the social realm, the way we look at our world and those in it varies drastically. Two specific interpretive theories view poverty and inequality in different ways, but both on the basis of social construction. In these theories, things have meanings only on what we designate them to mean, without definitions they wouldn’t exist. Both race and gender are social constructs that in this modern world often work interchangeably through the social realm. Society and the social realm are under constant negotiation and change. While often forgotten race and gender are social constructs and not biological aspects of humans. Different racial groups experience reality in separate, unique ways. These differences occur at all levels: micro, mezzo and macro, (Swignoski &Raheim, 2011). Critical Race Theory and Feminist theory look at the social realm through specific lenses and offer explanations for many social issues, including poverty and inequality.
Critical Race Theory or CRT is an action-based theory that uses the social construct of race to examine the relationship of groups and individuals as well as the balance of power amongst them. CRT argues that while race and class are an interwoven paradigm in the US; race is they key source of inequality. CRT often uses race for the basis of class divides and the regulation of progress for individuals and social groups. It is no surprise to most individuals that racial issues exist everywhere. While most racism felt today is covert, it still exists everywhere, including our public policies. CRT argues that racism is an ordinary part of life and that there exists a white over color ascendency everywhere in the social world, (Delgado & Stefanic, 2001). There is little forward motion for people of different racial backgrounds because there is little “white” interest to change because racism benefits them, (Delgado & Stefani, 2001). CRT recognizes intersectionality within the theory, in doing so recognizing that oppression can be a multi-layered experience. The most interesting thing about CRT is that while it focuses mostly on white and color differentiations, it allows for “differential racialization” in that the dominant paradigm...

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