Poverty And Inequality In El Salvador

1918 words - 8 pages

The poverty and inequality that has plagued El Salvador since the early twentieth century stems from their rule by the Oligarchy, which dates back to colonial times. The Oligarchy's lack of consistency in implementing and following through with reforms has prevented progress from occurring in the country. Furthermore, the many wars and political revolts in El Salvador impeded its economic and social growth. The main focus of the Oligarchy was to turn a profit. And because they essentially ran the economy, they assumed that their actions were best for both their profits and the country's economy as a whole. Their selfish single-minded focus led to a growing economic inequalities, which was subsequently accommodated by ethnic and class oppression, which was mostly toward the indigenous Indians. Finally, by the mid nineteenth century, the Fourteen Families declared all communal lands their own, evicting the indigenous Indians from them in the process, often violently (Mopp and Morris 74). By the later part of the century, most of the generals and presidents in El Salvador were major coffee growers or members of the Fourteen Families, which is why the Oligarchy maintained such a strong grip of power over the country. Given the aforementioned circumstances, one can clearly see that the fourteen families have had a long history of control over nearly every aspect of the political and economic life in El Salvador.
El Salvador's problems with inequality began by the mid sixteenth century, when an oligarchy was created in the form of three ecomiendas. The ecomiendas were put in power by the crown in order to grow and export cacao, mostly due to the lack of natural resources to exploit, such as gold or silver (Montgomery 70). Cacao became very popular in Europe, and as a result of the increased demand for cacao, the ecomiendas required more labor, which the local Indians supplied (Montgomery 70). However, the Indians were susceptible to the diseases brought over by the Spaniards, which led to a decline in the Indian population. Because the Oligarchy viewed the Indians as disposable labor, they did not feel the need to treat them to prevent their numbers from dwindling. Instead, the Spanish replaced them with slaves imported from Africa (Montgomery 71). This was one of the first signs of inequality brought to El Salvador by the Oligarchy.
In the seventeenth century, the demand for cacao dropped. As a result of this, El Salvador plunged into an economic depression, and the Oligarchy had to find a new source of revenue, which they found in indigo (Montgomery 71). Indigo was profitable because of the increase in demand for textiles in Europe at this time (Krauss 59-60). This led the Oligarchy to increase its acquisition of land in El Salvador, which was mainly inhabited by the native Indians. On top of being extremely lucrative, indigo was far less labor-intensive than cacao was, so it became the main focus of El Salvador's agriculture by 1600...

Find Another Essay On Poverty and Inequality in El Salvador

the causes of poverty and inequality

1984 words - 8 pages their problem is our problem. We should shipping buckets full of cash to the third world instead of take in to account the problem.The global poverty and inequality has exist through out most period in the history, but today level of differences between the rich and poor are widening. The third world's economic is backward and the first world are gaining prosperity because of unequal distribution of sources; The resources have taken out of the third

The causes of poverty and inequality

1866 words - 7 pages , so their problem is our problem. We should shipping buckets full of cash to the third world instead of take in to account the problem.The global poverty and inequality has exist through out most period in the history, but today level of differences between the rich and poor are widening. The third world's economic is backward and the first world are gaining prosperity because of unequal distribution of sources; The resources have taken out of the

Cuba Country Research Report (Poverty and Inequality)

1058 words - 5 pages high, thus one third of the population lives in poverty. Wages in Cuba are not high because many people are already competing for work, which is not logical. This problem is not logical because the literacy rate in Cuba is high which should mean that workers are professional and have high wages, which is not the case in Cuba. Another problem faced by Cuban citizens is housing, many of the infrastructure in Cuba was built by the Spanish colony and

IMPACT OF POOR GOVERNANCE AND INCOME INEQUALITY ON POVERTY IN PAKISTAN

2341 words - 9 pages There is widespread poverty in Pakistan and the two main reasons are poor governance and income inequality. Few studies have focused on the theoretical substantiation of impact of bad governance and income inequality on poverty, but we do not find any study carrying empirical work on the impact of bad governance on poverty in Pakistan. This study is an empirical research that attempts to find out the long run and short run impact of poor

Impact of Poor Governance and Income Inequality on Poverty in Pakistan

1657 words - 7 pages that those policies that decrease corruption will also be helpful in reducing income inequality as well as poverty. Hoeven (2002) is of the view that decline in income inequality coupled with stellar economic growth is desirable for poverty alleviation. Ali and Tahir (1998) tried to find out if the long run change in poverty was due to economic growth or income distribution. Their results showed that “one percent increase in income while

Sociology - Social Inequality and Poverty within contemporary UK today

4554 words - 18 pages poor pension provision and ageism in employment. What is poverty? Poverty is the sharp end of inequality. Even politicians agree that being poor is a terrible thing. It is degrading. It restricts your opportunities and life chances. It is not only bad in itself; it leads to other problems such as crime, poor health and family breakdown. So there is a broad consensus or agreement that there is a condition called "poverty" and

Ethnic Poverty and Inequality in the UK

2695 words - 11 pages Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different brain imaging techniques in the investigation of epilepsy Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is characterised by epileptic seizures. Seizures occur when there is an abnormal excess of synchronous neuronal activity in the brain (Fisher R S et al., 2005). Seizures are recurrent occurrences that can occur for a brief period of time often being undetectable or lasting for long periods

Economic Globalization and What the Government Can do about Poverty and Inequality through Jobs and Wages

1228 words - 5 pages look at the comparative evidence indicates that this race has not, to any great extent, materialized. Welfare states in the social democracies of Northern Europe and other advanced countries have undergone some marginal cutbacks but remain largely intact. And there remains room to expand the U.S. welfare state without serious competitive disadvantage.In the United States, government programs especially those intended to combat poverty and inequality

Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Its Impact on Inequality & Poverty in the Long-Run

2546 words - 11 pages American countries including Brazil have been on the forefront in the battle against poverty and inequality. Efforts by the ‘left governments’ that came to power in the early 2000’s in reducing poverty and inequality have been hailed across the world, especially by the United Nations (UN) and its agencies. Among others, the establishment of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs by various governments in the region, expansion of social services in

Brazil’s Bolsa Familia: Its Impact on Inequality & Poverty in the Long-Run

2468 words - 10 pages recommend that the government increase its investment in education to raise its quality if social inequality and poverty is to be reduced. Soares et al. explored the impact of Bolsa Familia on inequality, poverty consumption, education, health care and labor force participation. They find that while the program contributed to reduction in extreme poverty and inequality, it also improved education outcomes and have an overall negative impact on

Evaluating the View that Poverty is Caused by Economic Inequality Rather than Cultural Attitudes and Lifestyles

2000 words - 8 pages Evaluating the View that Poverty is Caused by Economic Inequality Rather than Cultural Attitudes and Lifestyles There is much debate in sociology that poverty is caused by structural factors such as economic inequality and those who state that it is caused by cultural factors such as attitudes, values and lifestyles. The first group say that the poor are made to be poor by the economic and political systems, they state that

Similar Essays

Development In El Salvador 1980 2000 Essay

4829 words - 19 pages vast disparity in wealth and a continued prevalence of poverty which theorists from other development perspectives would argue show that sweeping development is not occurring. For example, many of the health statistics regarding El Salvador after the civil war, though they show measured improvements in health, are misleading in that they belie three key areas of public health: psychosocial behaviors, environmental destruction, and disruption to

Poverty And Inequality In Developing Countries

1280 words - 6 pages still face poverty somehow, it means countries that have no justice and have dictatorial system which called corruption. However, in some other countries people live naturally with poverty status such as Africa, Brazil and many more. Therefore, the discussion cause of poverty and inequality is vital, in three main aspects; education, lack of adequate in social mobility and family behavior with the results of inequality and finally the solutions

Poverty And Inequality Essay

806 words - 4 pages Have you ever wondered what it’s like to live in poverty? No proper food, shelter or even clean water. And have you ever stopped for a moment and thought about how inequality and separation has affected the world? Everyone is born different yet we still treat each other differently because of our race, ethnicity, gender, religion and sexuality. Poverty and Inequality has been one of the world’s major concerns. The rich are getting richer and the

Poverty And Inequality Essay

1851 words - 7 pages Poverty and inequality exist in every developed culture and often are only patched in order for society to continue upwardly. Poverty and inequality in the United States exists for many reasons; reasons that very from the prospective lens. Interpretive theories in particular ask us to question our reality and its constructs. Interpretive theories require us to looks at the world as a social realm, one that we created and constantly change