Poverty And Pakistan Essay

637 words - 3 pages

Poverty, a multidimensional global phenomenon, as defined by World Bank is an income level below some minimum threshold deemed necessary to achieve basic needs. This minimum level is usually called the “poverty line”. The things required to satisfy basic needs are highly time and society dependent. Therefore, poverty lines vary from country to country as each country defines and sets the poverty line limit according to its own level of development, societal norms and values. But the contents of the needs are more or less the same everywhere. Hunger, lack of shelter, being sick and unable to see a doctor, no access to school and education, joblessness, fear of the future are all the constituents of the Poverty. It also encompasses lack of opportunities, expression, representation and freedom.

Pakistan is a low income developing country. In Pakistan, like other developing countries, poverty is grave concern for the government and policy makers. Pakistan, after its independence, has experienced highs and lows of economic growth with increase and reduction in poverty. There is also a big difference in poverty levels between rural and urban places in Pakistan. This difference in poverty levels is due to the structure of Pakistan’s economy and the way this economic structure changed over the course of time and with changing regimes. Economic policies shape the economic structure of a country and in the case of Pakistan different economic policies were dominant in different regimes.

Macro level economic policies play an important role in economic growth and development of a country. Some polices may bring developments that translate themselves into real improvements in terms of peoples’ living standard i.e. not just reducing poor and poverty in terms of statistics and numbers but also making sure that everyone has proper access to education and health services. So in terms of true development and decrease in poverty, Pakistan’s economy has not shown any profound progress. Due to poor progress in education,...

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