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Poverty In Egypt And South Africa

1398 words - 6 pages

When one hears the word Egypt the first thing that usually comes to mind is the Pyramids. But what does one think of when South Africa is mentioned? The first thing that comes to mind is poverty. Although both areas reside on the same continent, their individual aspects of political, economic and social development differ greatly. On a certain scale both countries are victims of poverty but South Africa is more exposed and not evolving as quickly as the other areas of the globe. Egypt is a place of tourist attraction and beauty but underneath the layer that visitors see, there is the heart of Egypt which involves little to educational opportunities, low GNI per capita, lower life expectancy ...view middle of the document...

Certain aspects of Ancient Egyptian culture is almost equivalent to today’s form of democracy as a governmental style. For example around the year 1260 B.C. The Pharaoh of Egypt, Ramses the second, and the Hittitie King, Hattusli the third, negotiated a famous peace treaty between the two civilizations (Mark, J.). The treaty in question was a basic form of an alliance, which stated that in a case where there was an invasion of a third party, the two civilizations would aid each against the invader (Mark, J.). This peace treaty between the two civilizations is recorded as one of the earliest surviving peace accords (Mark, J.). Today, forms of equality as well as rights and freedoms are quite common in most democratic countries, however, the equality of women has been a fighting battle that even today there are areas where women are not equal to men. In Ancient Egypt, it is known that women had a wide range of rights and freedoms. Although, women were still considered inferior to the men, the women had a great amount of legal and financial independence in the ways of buying and selling of property, making wills or even making legal contracts (Tyldesley, J.). Although it is was not common for Egyptian women to work outside the household, on the rare occasion which some did, they would be paid equally for doing the same jobs as the men (Palo, J.). On the contrary to modern day society, the women in Egypt were paid equally to a man for the same job whereas in today’s society women are still receiving less then equal in the same position even though there are many legislations that dictate equal pay for equal work (Palo, J.). Finally, Egyptian workers were discovered to protesting for better working conditions. The most known example of this is during the 12th century when the Pharaoh was Ramses the third. When the workers were building the royal necropolis at Deir el-Medina, the payment method was not met by the workers standard and they organized one of the first strikes in recorded history (Cavendish, M.). The workers entered a temple and refused to leave until they were heard and eventually the workers were given the promised payment (Cavendish, M.). In conclusion, the peace treaty, women’s rights and labour protests found in the historical time periods of Ancient Egypt demonstrates that Egypt had a well-established idea of democratic behaviour and an advanced society in terms of equality and freedom’s more so then some areas of the world today.
In contrast to Ancient Egypt’s advanced society, South Africa’s society was severely lacking according to historical documentation of events that happened in that area. The native people of South Africa are known as the Khoikhoi people and arrived there since approximately the 5th century A.D. (Brand, A.). The Khoikhoi people although not as advanced as ancient Egypt had certain methodologies that helped with their survival (Brand, A.). They owned vast amounts of cattle which is a modern day adaption...

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