Montreal is one of the most touristic cities in the North America. In fact, this bilingual city has many professional teams, plenty of museum, festivals and with over 1 880 000 inhabitants. Montreal is the second largest city in Canada and the fifteenth largest in Canada.
Unfortunately, Montreal has the highest rate of poverty in Canada. Why do specific areas of Montreal have higher incidence of poverty, substandard housing and poor health? The areas that are affected with the poverty are the ones that the inhabitants have an inadequate education and a low socio-economical status. By considering theses elements, poverty lead to substandard housing and poor health.
I will begin with mentioning the specific areas that have the incidence of poverty. Secondly, I will go over the relationship of income with the level of education to finally elucidate the relationship between income, poverty and health.
In order to understand the incidence of poverty, it is important to define what it is exactly? Many scholars tried to agree on one definition for this notion but there are different approaches for this concept. In fact, there are three approaches: absolute, relative and subjective. The absolute approach suggest that poverty is when you have less than what is defined as regular in the society. The relative approach proposes that poverty is when you have less than the others in the society. Finally, the subjective approach suggests that poverty is when you feel that you do not have enough to live. In this research paper, I will promote a relative approach because I will compare the income of the different neighborhood. By having the average income per inhabitants in Montreal, it is simple to understand that the neighborhoods with the higher rate are rich and the one at the bottom of the scale are considered the poorest. Another important term that is important when we are examining about poverty is he socioeconomic status (SES). SES is the combination between the economic and the sociological of the individual by taking into account his work experience and it is based on the income, education and occupation.
In Montreal, there are six areas that are considered the poorest of the city: St-Henri, St-Michel, Park Extension, Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, Montreal North and Pointe St-Charles. According to the Montreal Mirror, the variables that determine if a neighborhood is poor are the welfare rate, the income, the home ownership and education. In these areas, the inhabitants are under the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support.
In 2000, the average income per year (for worker aged of 15 and up) was 31 096 in the city of Montreal. The top cities were Westmount (78 776$), Mount Royal (63 852) and Beaconsfield (55 422) on the other hand, the last one were Villeray, Park Extension (21 283), Montreal North (22 304) and Hochelaga-Maisonneuve with 26 127 ( see table 4). When travelling across the different neighborhood,...