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Poverty In Nc Essay

2170 words - 9 pages

It is no secret that, within the last decade, America has faced an economic crisis of historic proportions. Though the nation appears to be in a state of recovery from the greatest recession since the Great Depression, there are still major issues to address; namely poverty. Poverty today has hit more homes than ever, especially in places such as Eastern North Carolina. According to the 2010 Bureau of Economic Analysis, North Carolina ranked as the ninth wealthiest state with gross domestic production worth $424.9 billion.[2] North Carolina is among the top states for agricultural output, which consists of poultry, tobacco, hogs, cattle, sweet potatoes, and soybeans. A U.S. Census Bureau’s ...view middle of the document...

It divides and diminishes, as it rejects. It is a regime of harm that ought to be rendered plain, incapable of being ignored.
In order to track the progress, or lack of, the United States introduced the poverty threshold in the early 1960’s. Following the Office of Management and Budget's Statistical Policy Directive 14, the Census Bureau uses a set of various income thresholds that determine who is in poverty. These factors include the size of the family, and if that family's threshold outweighs their income, that family is considered in poverty. A household is also declared based on the income earned before taxes. Capital gains or noncash benefits such as public housing, Medicaid, and food stamps are not included. While geographic location is not a factor, the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by consumers for a representative basket of goods and services; the official threshold is adjusted for inflation. The national CPI inflation rate for 2012 is 26.63%.
The poverty level defined in 2012 by the federal government was set at an annual income of $23,283 or less for a family of four. An individual person who earned less than $11,945 a year was also considered in poverty. Very little has changed over the past couple of years, a catch22 of sorts being that there has been little to no increase or decrease in statistics. The Census bureau broke down the population in multiple aspects, primarily race and marital status. In 2012 demographics, 12.9 percent of Caucasian residents were reported, while 27.1 percent of African Americans were living in poverty. Native Americans and Hispanics both averaged well above those numbers. With the Natives nearly reaching 30 percent, Hispanics ranked highest at 34.2 percent, more than a third of its population.
Families with children are at a much higher risk of poverty. While19.8 percent of North Carolina families with children under 18 were documented, 21.2 percent of families with children under 5 suffered from poverty. Women and single mothers outdid both, with 34 percent of households led by women were in poverty. Out of the same demographic, 42.8 percent were women with children 18 and under; more than half the mothers with children 5 and under lived in poverty. Research suggests that the effects of poverty are literally built into the brain of younger children, ultimately affecting their chances at success in school and performance on the job.
To criticize and blame the government for Carolina’s shortcomings would be an inaccurate assumption; as aforementioned, government aid is not calculated into the statistics. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, has funded and provided aid for 572,468 households in North Carolina in 2012. Just over three-quarters of those households had at least one employed family member during the past year. Coincidentally, households with two or more employed members were qualified too, aiding over a...

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