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Poverty In The Philippines Essay

885 words - 4 pages

The Philippines is in Southeast Asia and was discovered in 1521 by a Spaniard named Ferdinand Magelan and in 1565 Miguel Lopez de Legazpi created the first settlement in this country that lasted about three-hundred years until after World War Two when the Treaty of Manila made the Philippines its own country. Today the Philippines is the 12th most populated country in the world and occupies a space of 115,831 square miles. The country consists of over seven-thousand islands with a tropical maritime climate which means that the country experiences a hot dry season from March to May, a rainy time from June to November and a cool dry season from December to February. The Philippines also being in Southeast Asia experiences many typhoons which can be very devastating at times.

The Philippines has been experiencing poverty since the late nineteen-sixties and the early nineteen-seventies, but some organizations have been providing aid to the country as early as the late nineteen-forties such as UNICEF in nineteen-forty eight. The causes of poverty in the Philippines range from common occurring typhoons and earthquakes, to the high inflation growth during the times of these natural disasters, and most importantly the high growth of population from the nineteen-sixties to the early nineties. Other causes include the shortage in production of food during the nineteen-eighties and the fact that poor people not having access to business opportunities (Rural Poverty).

About eighty-eight million people live in the rural areas of the Philippines and about eighty percent of the Philippines poor population lives in this area (Rural Poverty). The highest levels of poverty in the Philippines exist in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao with levels as high as forty-seven percent. The cities that have the highest levels of poverty include: Zamboanga del Norte with a poverty level of fifty-two point nine percent, Agusan del Sur with a level of fifty-one point two percent, Surigao del Norte with a level of forty-seven point nine percent, Eastern Samar with a level of forty-five point eight percent, and Maguindanao with a level of forty-four point six percent (NSCB). Within the regions of the Philippines there lies the inhabitants of the regions which helps us understand how poverty affects the separate groups of people living in the Philippines. In 2003 the most affected group of people in the Philippines went as follows: fisherman with a poverty level of thirty-five percent, farmers with a level of thirty-seven percent, children with a level of thirty-two point seven percent, women with a level of twenty-four percent, and youth with a level of nineteen percent (NSCB). The farmers and fisherman most likely had the highest level of poverty due to the typhoons which could ruin their crops...

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