Power In The Asia Pacific Region

1445 words - 6 pages

SovereigntyLegitimate or widely recognized ability of a state to exercise effective control of a territory within its recognized borders.National InterestThe interests of a state that are used to justify their policies/actions. - includes the goals/objectives of a state's foreign policy. States have varied interests however security is the primary interest of all states.PowerThe ability of a global actor to influence the actions of another global actor.NationGroups of people claiming common bonds based on culture, history and language. Nations with no states- Kurds. Nations with states- Japanese.Nation-statePolitical grouping of people within defined borders who share a common language, culture and history, and who have their own state which exercised sovereignty.SecurityTraditionally refers to the protection of a states borders from military invasion and the maintenance of sovereignty through the use of military power. Security now incorporates economic security such as access to natural resources and environmental security such as the protection of ecosystems.IdealismThe idea that foreign policy should be influenced above all by moral principles rather than by pragmatism. E.g Adhere more strongly to communist ideology and argue for the retention of state owned enterprises rather than privately owned businesses.PragmatismThe idea that foreign policy should be influenced above all by practical considerations and national interests rather than moral principles.ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTFactors that shape itEconomic growth is needed to maintain social stability and the legitimacy of the communist party.Stated as a key objective by President Hu Jintao in 2005 as a top priorityExtent of Success8-10% economic growth over past 10 yearsWorlds 2nd largest economyRural poverty decreased from 250 million in 1978 to 21 million in 2007FailureUndermining other interests e.g. harmonious society due to pollution.Environmental problems e.g. pollution of rivers- 2 million pollutant -related cancer deaths a yearIncome inequality- income of urban residents over 3x that of those living in rural areasForeign Policy InstrumentsDiplomacy- 2002 Joined World Trade Organization, prevented UN from implementing economic sanctions against Burma (China is Burma's major trade partner and provides it with oil, minerals, timber)Trade- Top trade partner to US- exports of $91 billion in 2010Aid- Provided loans to Vietnam and Philippines to help build infrastructure e.g. railwaysMilitary- Expansion and upgrading of its navy to protect shipping routesTERRITORIAL INTEGRITY Maintain sovereignty over the territory it currently rules and achieve reunification with Taiwan.Factors that shape itTaiwan- PRC claims that the island of Taiwan is part of China and should be under communist rule (after 1949 Communist revolution when defeated nationalists fled to Taiwan and established ROC. Long term- reunification. Short term- prevent Taiwan from achieving internationally recognized independence as a...

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