This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Pre Agricultural Human Environmental Impact Essay

807 words - 3 pages

Pre-Agricultural Human Environmental Impact

In the two million years it is believed that humans have populated the Earth, they have displayed the remarkable ability to adapt to any environment. Archaeological evidence has proven that the earliest humans were able to occupy and control every terrestrial ecosystem on the planet. Human impact on the environment has increased progressively through time from the earliest hominid hunters to modern city-dwellers. A fundamental expression of early humanities ability to control the environment occurred during the birth of agriculture. While the ecological impact from this feat has allowed humanity increased control over its environment, the earliest hominids were able to survive nearly two million years without this invention. Although the interaction between humans and their habitat before the rise of agriculture may be subtle, this era beginning at the inception of the human race is no less important to the history of human environmental impact.

It is believed that the most primitive ancestor of modern humans were Homo erectus. "The distinguishing characteristic of Homo erectus is a large brain size of about 1,000cc (about three-quarters of modern human capacity).1 "With the beginning of this species may well have come the limb proportions (short arms, long legs) that characterized modern humans."2 Scientists have concluded that Homo erectus originated during the early Pleistocene era (representing the last two million years) and were the only hominid species to survive this period of time. Eventually Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens, and finally into modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens). These early humans originally lived in small groups that were spread throughout a myriad of habitats in Africa.

These early hominids sustained themselves through the oldest and simplest human mode of production, hunting and gathering. They mainly "gathered nuts, seeds and plants, which they would have supplemented by scavenging dead animals killed by other predators and perhaps the hunting of a few small mammals."3 A wide variety of food was available and provided a sufficiently nutritional diet. This form of economy was often far from meager and likely represents the original affluent society since scientists speculate that a large amount of leisure time was available. Hunting and gathering provided a very stable and long lasting livelihood described as simple and communal.

An important trait to the development and spread of human societies as well as their ability to interact with their surroundings was "the adoption of technological means to overcome difficulties imposed by hostile environments."4 Stone tools, wooden spears,...

Find Another Essay On Pre-Agricultural Human Environmental Impact

Agriculture and the Natural Environment Essay

1411 words - 6 pages agricultural technology system was formed. Agricultural development for thousands of years both created a splendid civilization, but also accumulated a lot of environmental problems. The negative effects both affect the prevailing agricultural production and left some bad condition to future generations. In this paper, the whole process of the impact of human activities on natural ecology was discussed to provide more adequate historical basis for future

Living In The Environment Principles, Connections, and Solutions : Miller 12th Edition Chapter 2 Outline

1202 words - 5 pages Chapter 2: Environmental History: An Overview2-1 Cultural Changes and the EnvironmentMain Changes- Agricultural Revolution Industrial Revolution Information and Globalization RevolutionDamage- More energy and power to change and alter plant to meet our basic needs Allowed expansion of human population (at expense of other populations), mostly because of increased food supplies and longer life spans

My Motivation

652 words - 3 pages undergraduate programme of study. Eventually, I understood environmental issues and the impact of unsustainable use of the environment. During my course of study, one of many issues that really caught my attention and made me more passionate about environmental issues was the axolotl. Unfortunately, axolotl is critically endangered in Mexico City due to the destruction of its habitat for development. The ability of the axolotl to regenerate its limbs is a

to what extent are environmental issues a security issue? critically discuss

1559 words - 7 pages strong state-controlled on most of the resources, it leads environmental degradation. For example, in the 1960s, in the south-western of Bangladesh, the government had taken control over the Coastal Embankment Project without looking deliberately at the huge impact on the environment. ( Initially, this project was a success as it provided better agricultural outcome. However, due to the unplanned development it

Agricultural Subsidies

1653 words - 7 pages sustain or improve human life. Examples include farmed goods and livestock. The dilemma for these developing countries is finding markets to export their products. Many developed nations place restrictions on imported agricultural goods to promote domestic industry and compete in foreign markets with their own exports (i.e. direct competitor of the developing nation). While developed nations lack the abundance of cheap labor, they are able to

Cultural Evolution vs. Technological Innovation

1800 words - 7 pages a result of this drastic change in human culture, the focus of technology becomes satisfying these new secondary needs. However, the creation of technologies which transcend the rudimentary is not possible without social stratification. Social stratification is only possible after humans are not in immediate danger of extinction Social stratification occurs when resources are limited, and as a result of as a result of agricultural surplus

Environmental Accounting

3250 words - 13 pages national income accounts. In order to address these issues, the SNA need modification. The manner in which environmental accounting is being done varies in a number of respects. Some of the methods currently in use are as follows:#Natural Resource Accounts: Natural resource account is a kind of environmental account that includes data or stocks of natural resources and the changes in them caused by either natural process or human use. This covers

Environment and human population

5713 words - 23 pages Fundamentals of Environment Unit 03 Page No. 275 Unit 03 Environment and Human Population 03.1 Introduction Objective 03.2 Man- Environment interaction Human Population growth Agricultural revolution Industrial revolution Self Assessment Questions 03.3 Consequences of over population Business and Environment Poverty and Environment People and Environmental sustainability Case Study Self Assessment Questions 03.4 Summary 03.5 Glossary 03.6

The Effect of Emissions on the Environment and Government Reactions to This in India

1004 words - 5 pages , waste particles and other harmful gaseous are released into the environment which has a impact on environment and human health. The graphical interpretation shows how environment is getting damaged due to use of wood,charcoal and other agricultural residuals. Apart from this domestic emissions are from urban region which is cause for concern, as we were that refrigerators generate huge amount of CFC gases and urban population do use high power

History of trade unions in SA - Nelson Mandela University - Essay

1634 words - 7 pages natural resources and more deforestation. Insufficient knowledge about agricultural practices can also lead to decline in crop yield and productivity. On the other hand, environmental problems add more to the miseries of poor people. Environmental problems cause more suffering among them as environmental damage increases the impact of floods and other environmental catastrophes. Soil erosion, land degradation and deforestation leads to decline in

Impact of Agricultural Trade liberalization on Poverty in Latin America

1671 words - 7 pages Impact of Agricultural Trade liberalization on Poverty in Latin America Historically the agricultural sector has been an important sector for the economies of Latin America because of this the issue of global agricultural trade liberalization has been a hotly contested issue. Some suggest it may harm Latin American countries and increase poverty by opening up the sector to foreign competition from more technological advanced nations. Others

Similar Essays

Impact Of Banking Sector On Agricultural Development Of India With Particular Reference To Maharashtra – Theoretical Perspective

2190 words - 9 pages Impact of Banking Sector on Agricultural Development of India with particular reference to Maharashtra - Theoretical perspective.Vivek V. Patil*1) Introduction :-Agriculture probably is the oldest profession for livelihood for major portion of the population in our country. Nature and type of farming , however, underwent conspicuous changes during the course of socio-economic transformation which has now attended technologically advanced

Disentangling Climatic And Human Induced Changes In The Recent Past

1367 words - 6 pages human impact on the environment primarily through predation, modification of the land and the use of fire; dispelling the perception that pre-agricultural humans lived in harmony with their environment. Having said that, humans have been modifying the environment from the time of Homo habilis (Zalasiewics et al., 2011) and even though anthropogenic signals may have been clearly detected and attributed to anthropogenic forcing at all scales, Steffen

Environmental Issues Q&A Essay

1701 words - 7 pages , . Maliha (2008) "Neo-Colonialism." OPPapers. Accessed 11-07-2010,.   Question 5 Why have environmental issues been important to many human rights struggles in the South? The increased attention to environmental issues has been important to the human rights struggle in the South, as most of the environmental injustices accumulated over the years are

Social Change: Moving Toward A Sustainable Society

574 words - 3 pages agricultural land.The social problems are: exurban migration and economic and ethnic segregation, deterioration of cities, vicious cycles of human sprawl and inner city decay. (Uchatius, 2005) All the environmental problems we have discussed, from the loss of ecosystems and biodiversity through various forms of pollution to depletion of energy resources, have their origins in people and lifestyle. The environmental impact is a function of population