Pre Eclampsia And Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women

1587 words - 6 pages

Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women

     Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are disorders in pregnant women. Pre-
eclampsia is hypertension and eclampsia is the worsening of pre-eclampsia where
the woman experiences convulsions or goes into a coma. The complication of
eclampsia in a pregnant woman can put her and her unborn child at risk. A risk
that may be fatal. This is only to briefly define the disorders.
     Furthermore, I predict that women who have suffered from eclampsia do
need future medical help due to the permanent damage caused in the physiological
make up of the body. I will prove this by means of statistics, nationwide
studies, and explaining the damage to the body.
     To give a complete definition of eclampsia we must define pre-eclampsia.
Pre-eclampsia does not have chronic hypertension but becomes hypertensive in
late pregnancy. With pre-eclampsia a woman doesn't experience a coma or
convulsions, her blood pressure returns to normal after delivery. Although the
majority of women who experience pre-eclampsia never get eclampsia-if the blood
pressure gets out of hand suddenly, the disease may progress to eclampsia.
Eclampsia is pre-eclampsia that has progressed to the point of convulsions and
possible coma. Resulting in retardation for the child with lack of oxygenation
and other proteins to fetus.
     A term that must be known is chronic hypertension due to increased
pressure in the arteries and often associated with atherosclerosis (collections
of fatty substances on the inside wall of the arteries). It is not caused by
pregnancy, but may cause problems if a woman with chronic hypertension becomes
pregnant. It has an unknown cause. 15% of the time chronic hypertension is
secondary to a primary problem-that is a renal disorder, heart disease,
endocrine disorder or some other condition is the cause of the hypertensive
disease. Women with chronic hypertension who become pregnant are in high risk.
Because of arterial narrowing the blood supply to the uterus is compromised and
growth and oxygenation of the fetus are jeopardized. Pre-eclampsia and
eclampsia are also likely to develop, with characteristic tissue swelling and
proteinuria. In extreme full flown eclampsia ( convulsions or coma) may occur.
Women with chronic hypertension are at higher risk for fetal growth retardation,
stillbirth and 4 to 5 grater risk for placental abruption. About 15% of women
with chronic hypertension with experience pre-eclampsia next to their usual
chronic hypertension.
     To show how eclampsia is related to physics we must look at the fact
that eclampsia primarily comes about from hypertension. The swelling occurs:
when there is high quantity of sodium; H2O is attracted into the veins. The
walls of the veins are permeable to H2O at this point, starving the rest of the
cells of the body from water that...

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