Predictors, Effects And Prevention Of Obesity Among Children

1963 words - 8 pages


Children nowadays suffer from diseases which were once considered to target mostly adults. Obesity is one such disease. Research has shown that child obesity has risen dramatically in recent years. This is raising grave concern among health care professionals, experts and parents. This paper strives to examine, describe and evaluate the plethora of factors, contributors and consequences of child obesity in the UK and internationally.
Body weight is reflected by a combination of culture, behaviours, education, genes, metabolism, eating habits and social status. Children who carry a lot of excess weight in the form of body fat are classed as being obese. Even though obese ...view middle of the document...

In order to describe obesity in a more comprehensive manner and help distinguish it from being overweight, the concept of Body Mass Index (BMI) was developed. BMI is used to determine whether the ratio between height and weight of an individual is relative to their age and gender.
It is important, however, to understand that BMI is not a fat measurement tool. It generally, though not always, correlates with the amount of body fat. An individual who is carrying more than the average muscle mass for a specific height, for example, will have a higher BMI index but obviously will not be obese. Alignment diagrams for both adults and children have been developed to graphically represent the healthy range when measuring BMI. An individual is considered overweight when their BMI is between 25 and 29. Obesity is defined as a BMI index greater than 30 (NHS Information Centre 2013).

There are various reasons for children becoming overweight but the most noticeable one is diet. Obesity in children is caused by excessive daily caloric intake relative to daily caloric expenditure. Excessive intake of calories is most commonly associated with poor quality food choices – fast food high in calories, for example, but may also result from over-consumption of "healthy foods." It is the simple fact that all excessive calories, regardless of food source quality and origin, will be stored by the body as body fat.
It is important, however, to acknowledge that children living in areas close to fast food restaurants are more at risk of being overweight or obese. As a matter of fact, fast food is the main food source for about 38% of children (Mayor 2014). Recent research shows that when children eat fast food, they actually eat more food all day long. This is due to the fact that fats, sugar and salt in fast food are appealing to a child's taste. The lack of nutrition, mainly fiber, in fast food does not make children feel full after a meal and this is why they eat more later. Fast food also leads to greater consumption of soft carbonated drinks with a lot of added sugar and carbohydrates, and less milk, fruit and vegetables. Watching television while eating also predisposes the child to having an additional portion, as well as spending more time inactively. (Bowman et al. 2004).
This is yet another prime reason for obesity in children - the low levels of daily physical activity. The average child spends a few hours every day watching television. Combining this with the increasing popularity of computer and video games results in a great deal of time spent inactively. Recent studies indicate that only 20% of children experience more than two episodes of physical activity per week (Lobstein et al. 2004).
Parental BMI is also a very significant driver and indicator of children's BMI. Research shows that 24% of boys aged between 2 and 15 living in a household with overweight or obese parents are considered obese compared to 11% of the same age group living in a...

Find Another Essay On Predictors, Effects and Prevention of Obesity among Children

The Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Among Children with Asthma

2135 words - 9 pages universal laws and to educate our population towards in the effects of smoking in the vicinity of our future generations (Boldo et al., 2007) In conclusion, this paper discussed the effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) or known as Second Hand Smoke (SHM) among children. Furthermore, it focused on the how ETS becomes a problem for Children on American household as well as in other well developed nations by providing epidemiological and

Organizational Support as Predictors of Work Attitudes and Job Performance Among Commission on Audit Employees

1285 words - 6 pages organizational support on employee’s positive attitude toward work, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, December 2012 Vol. 4, No 8 Marjorie L. Randall, Russell Cropanzano, Carol A. Bormann and Andrej Birjulin (1999), Organizational politics and organizational support as predictors of work attitudes, job performance, and organizational citizenship behaviour, Journal of Organizational Behavior J. Organiz. Behav. 20, 159

Types of Predictors and Examples

1154 words - 5 pages 1. Static predictors are related to those things of a person’s past that can't be changed and will remain a part of the past (Fulero & Wrightsman, 2009). An example of this would be if a person lost a limb in a tragic accident. The limb can artificially be replaced but they will never have the original limb so it is part of the past that can't be changed. Dynamic predictors can change with time and given situations (Fulero & Wrightsman, 2009

Research proposal on predictors of Internet addiction among Shanghai undergraduates

2009 words - 8 pages behavior of Internet users can be explained. The target population will be undergraduates who are currently studying in universities located in Shanghai.2. Research aim, research questions and research objectivesBased on the information stated earlier, the research aim of this project is to gain a better understanding of predictors of Internet addiction among Shanghai undergraduates. Accordingly, the research question and objectives are identified in

Cause and Effects of Obesity

1096 words - 4 pages people, lack of sleep, lack of exercise and too much stress are the reasons for obesity. Besides harmful diets and lack of cardiovascular exercise, the lack of education and awareness is one of the major causes as well. The society’s attitude toward foods often leads to over-consumption. Parents do not teach good habit to children and many people lack knowledge about good nutrition or a balanced diet. People’s daily diets need to be balanced among

causes and effects of obesity

925 words - 4 pages The epidemic of obesity is a medical circumstance defined as excess weight in the form of fat which may impair health. (World Obesity Federation, 2012). Obesity can be calculated by BMI which is body mass index. Obesity means BMI greater than 30. (ibid). This essay will outline the causes and effects of obesity. Diet, lifestyle, toxic environment and the causes of obesity are physical, psychological and economic are impacts. One fundamental

Childhood Obesity Control and Prevention

2110 words - 8 pages support, obese children need not grow up into obese adults—the trick is to work together as a family to promote positive change. Childhood obesity is on the ascent around American children. Children are getting obese in view of different hereditary, behavioral and ecological elements.   Works Cited Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2004). Obesity among U. S. states.

Hypertension: Effects and Prevention

3072 words - 12 pages the elderly are checked at each physical. Hypertension even affects children. Often times children three and older will be checked at their appointments similar to adults (Mayo “High” 1). Yearly checking is important because of the millions who have hypertension, the elderly are the most vulnerable; seventy-eight percent of the population 80 years and older will be diagnosed with hypertension (Sutin). Along with the elderly, adults who have

The Causes and Effects of Obesity

1440 words - 6 pages problems, such as; heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Also childhood obesity has psychological risks such as; depression and low self-esteem. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 1 in 5 children are Obese, which the organization defines as "as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex." Researchers, educators, physicians, and families around the country are clamoring to find ways to change the

Effects of Childhood Obesity

1691 words - 7 pages weight and kept track of the academic progress. Kids who were obese throughout the study were reported to perform worse on math tests than children who were not obese. In addition to the math findings, overweight children reportedly felt sadder, lonelier and more anxious than their normal size peers (“Conley” 1). Dr. David Katz, director of the Yale Prevention Center said “Obesity does not prevent kids from doing math, but obesity develops in

Effects of Obesity

929 words - 4 pages to mention that obese people earn lower salary and household income (, n.d, para.6). Finally, obesity has minor social effects that can’t be ignored. This may not be fatal, but it can degrade the mental health of bulky people, especially for children. Children do not know the laws in the U.S and therefore, “students might discriminate obese kids” (Wadden & Stunkard, 1985, para.1). Obesity could also affect adult’s social life

Similar Essays

The Prevention And Management Of Children Obesity In Schools

1926 words - 8 pages Executive Summary Obesity rates among children and adolescents have more than doubled in the last three decades. In a national survey conducted in 2000, 16% of adolescents aged 12 to 19 and 15% of children ages 6 to 11 were obese. (Alice Kuo, Ruth A. Etzel, Lance A. Chilton, Camille Watson, & Peter A. Gorski, 2012). These rates have since increased for minority children and adolescents. Investigative reports have revealed that the physician

Obesity Among Our Children Essay

2161 words - 9 pages children and youth in hours. But with the media use among children by age the different times for each are: All children 5:29; 2-7 year olds 3:34; 8-18 year olds 6:43; Girls 5:19; Boys 5:37; White 5:06; Minority 6:03.Treatment and Prevention of Childhood ObesityTreatment and prevention of childhood obesity is a continuous effort on a lot of different parts. According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academics (2004), the meaning of

Preventing Obesity Among Children Essay

601 words - 3 pages single states through partnership development, implementation and evaluation guidance, training, surveillance and applied research. -Promoting healthy life style and physical activity The state government of Texas addresses a lot of effort on the prevention of obesity among children. There are several state agencies that take part actively in the fight to obesity and an Interagency Obesity Council is issued in order to enhance communication and

Curtailing Overweight And Obesity Among Children

1805 words - 7 pages ., Dubowitz, H., Isbell, P., English, D. J., . . . Thompson, R. (2011). Developmental trajectories of behavior problems among children who have experienced maltreatment: Heterogeneity during early childhood and ecological predictors. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 19(4), 204-216. doi:10.1177/1063426610383861 Zivkovic, T., Warin, M., Davies, M., & Moore, V. (2010). In the name of the child: The gendered politics of childhood obesity. Journal of Sociology, 46(4), 375-392. doi:10.1177/1440783310384456