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Prejudice And Discrimination During The Depression Era And The Dust Bowl

1211 words - 5 pages

The Black population and the Hispanic population faced great discrimination and prejudice. Since, these populations were not considered to be part of the white folk, they did not have much freedoms or privileges. America viewed the Hispanic and Black population as not being a part of the US.
During the Civil War generation, Black population were enslaved to work in the plantations and serve the white men or population. They were treated like animals, and were forced to do extreme tough labor. The Black population had limited rights or privileges. For example, Blacks were not allowed to vote, buy land, obtain good jobs or careers, and speak freely. According to the short reading “A Different Mirror” by Ronald Takaki, a white owner during the Civil War stated, “I have men, who were slaves on the place…. They always lived there and will probably die there, right on the plantation where they were born.” Blacks were viewed as individuals without a purpose or viewed as nothing, like they had no value. Blacks faced great punishment if they spoke out or acted out against a white individual. The great punishments they faced were lashings on the backs, put into shackles, were chained to the ground, and other horrible punishments. (Black Peoples of America- Slave Punishments) A Black individual explained, “My father was born and brought up as a slave. He never knew anything else until after I was born. He was taught his place and was content to keep it. His father said, “When a young white man talks rough to me, I can’t talk rough to him. You can’t stand that; I can’t. “(Takaki) However, on January 1, 1963, the Emancipation Proclamation was passed by Abraham Lincoln. The Emancipation Proclamation stated, that all slaves would be set free. (US National and Records Administration) During the Depression Era, Blacks were only able to obtain or have extreme or tough labor jobs. For example, “By 1920, the majority of black men were employed in factories rather than domestic and personal services.” According to the peer-based review journal, “ African Americans and Parole in Depression-Era New York”, “In Manufacturing and mechanical industries, African Americans were poorly paid and mostly employed as unskilled labourers, and they were similarly excluded from all the most menial positions by public utilities , including gas, electric, telephone, and railway companies.” (Campbell) Also during the Depression Era, “Racial competition in the workplace added fuel to social antagonisms in the neighborhoods, where tensions were literally beginning to explode” (Takaki). This meant for African Americans that they were less likely to obtain good jobs thus not able to live in good locations or areas, because of the color of their skin. Since, African Americans were less likely to obtain good employment then they were not able to obtain housing that was good for living in. In places like Harlem, New York; some of the apartments that African Americans lived in, “ landlords...

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