This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Premarin's Unnecessary Slaughter Of Horses For Hormone Replacement Therapy In Menopausal Women

2334 words - 9 pages

Think of a thoroughbred, what comes to mind? A fast and graceful racehorse right? Now imagine the thoroughbred with knees the size of watermelons dripping blood and puss because she is mistreated at a PMU farm. An ex-PMU producer tells the fate of this mare (one he was partial to) to investigators of Equine Advocates, INC. This man favored the poor horse, who was too weak to fight for her share of food and water, so he gave her little extras like oats fed away from the others, medicine to help her knees, and general concern for her well being. His superior, Frank, did not like this at all. This upset him so much that "he took the tractor and chased her around until her legs ripped in half. He left her to bleed to death..." (Industry 3). Many other horses have and continue to suffer gruesome. How many must face such a horrible fate for the price of menopause symptom relief that Premarin promises? There are several alternatives to PMU products that are derived from plants. Hormone replacement therapy for women doesn't need to include the cruel treatment and death of tens of thousands of horses and the appalling lives they must live in the conditions of PMU production farms.Someone may ask what do horses have anything to do with hormone replacement therapy (HRT)? The answer is quite simple really; Premarin. With sales topping over a billion dollars in 1995, Premarin, a menopause symptom relief drug, available for over 54 years, is the most prescribed drug in the United States (Harper 3). When broken down Premarin's name reveals its secret ingredient, PREgnant MARes' urINe, PMU for short (Farms Controversy 2). Premarin is a hormone replacement drug that only replaces estrogen, not progesterone or any other hormones (Industry 1). Premarin comes in many forms including pills, creams, injections and patches, there are also sub-brands of Premarin, and some examples are Prempro, Premphase, and Prempac (Farms Controversy 2).The PMU Industries are owned exclusively by the Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories (Harty 1). They make all the PMU products like Prempro and Premphase and have been in business since about 1942 (Harty 1). To meet demands, Premarin's production needs over 80,000 horses and 700 farms (Industry 1). With welfare concerns for the mares taking a backseat to the concerns and goals of a large profit margin, the horses are forced to live in extremely poor conditions with relatively little or no care (Gandhi 1). The payoff is measured by the amount of estrogen collected in the urine, so to get the max amount possible, the water intake is minimized (farms controversy 5). The water is restricted so the estrogen released in the urine is more concentrated, making that batch more desirable and the amount of money earned greater (farms controversy 6). With inadequate water horse can suffer from many diseases and problems including: "swollen legs, sore hooves, and other health problems" (RX 1). Infections of the mares' vulvas and chafing of their legs are...

Find Another Essay On Premarin's Unnecessary Slaughter of Horses for Hormone Replacement Therapy in Menopausal Women

Slaughtering for the Humanness of Horses

1365 words - 5 pages during the whole process. (The Humane Society of the United States, 2009, p. 1) This leaves them severely dehydrated and it is unknown how long the horse has been in the facility awaiting bidders. Horses that have slipped through the bureaucratic cracks have endured an even more gruesome fate. The crack being more than 90,000 horses wide, have been exported to other countries for slaughter. ("Landrieu Speak Out Against Slaughter", 2010, p. 1

Review of Osteochondritis Dessicans in Horses

2689 words - 11 pages -inflammatory drugs and radiographic revaluation after 6-12 months (Atlanta Equine Clinic, 2002). This management scheme has been reported to return between 37% to 60% of the horses to their intended function (Auer, 1992). Best results are demonstrated in horses for show and/or pleasure purposes, but not to race. However, the time required to progress through a training program was approximately twice as long compared with an unaffected horse

The Complications of Colic in Horses

2665 words - 11 pages avoided. It also plays a big role in an apparent risk for conditions such as inguinal hernia in stallions [11]. Male horses and older horses appear to be at a higher risk of entrapment of the small intestine in the epiploic foramen [1,13,15]. Male and female horses appear to be equally affected by simple colic, which tends to be related to management or activity. Behavior and response to external environment (i.e hot or cold climate) appeared

QUESTION:Is nicotine replacement therapy effective in helping people quit tobacco smoking?

1409 words - 6 pages 3. Is nicotine replacement therapy effective in helping people quit tobacco smoking?A Controlled Trial of Sustained-Release Bupropion, a Nicotine Patch, or Both for Smoking Cessation.Jorenby, Douglas E.; Leischow, Scott J.; Nides, Mitchell A.; Rennard, Stephen I.; Johnston, J. Andrew; Hughes, Arlene R.; Smith, Stevens S.; Muramoto, Myra L.; Daughton, David M.; Doan, Kimberli; Fiore, Michael C.; Baker, Timothy B.Published in, 1999, by the

Replacement of Fossil Fuels with Nuclear Energy for Electricity

1282 words - 5 pages advantages associated with the usage of nuclear energy for electricity. While nuclear energy may seem like an expensive replacement for fossil fuels, in the long run it will cost no more than coal. Though the construction of nuclear power plants is far more expensive and time consuming than that of coal burning plants, the cost of actually running nuclear plants is far less. In the following years the total budget will even out to equal that of

Effective Use of Dialogue in All the Pretty Horses

868 words - 3 pages  Effective Use of Dialogue in All the Pretty Horses   All the Pretty Horses, by Cormac McCarthy, is, among other things, an exploration of its main character, John Grady Cole. The author chooses words carefully and sparingly when creating dialogue for Cole. In doing so, McCarthy creates poetic effects and rich meaning from limited verbiage. This novelist lets his readers get to know his main character largely through dialogue

Legalization of Equine Slaughter Houses in the United States

1989 words - 8 pages Shouldn’t everyone be able to have their own opinion, or at least have other options? Slaughter houses are not always a bad option, in some cases it may be the smart one. Slaughter houses can be an ideal option for horses that are old, lame, or dying; however not recommended for healthy unwanted horses. Slaughter houses in the United States have had a hard time staying in business because of many controversial reasons. The last slaughter house

The Effects of Forgiveness Therapy on Depression, Anxiety and Posttraumatic Stress for Women after Spousal Emotional Abuse Shelia Williams

626 words - 3 pages The Effects of Forgiveness Therapy on Depression, Anxiety and Posttraumatic Stress for Women after Spousal Emotional Abuse Summary This research study compiled information regarding the development, validity, and results of forgiveness therapy and compared it to that of an alternative treatment (brief therapy) for women who experienced emotional abuse from their husbands or significant others. The authors hypothesized that forgiveness therapy

The Effects of Forgiveness Therapy on Depression, Anxiety and Posttraumatic Stress for Women after Spousal Emotional Abuse

804 words - 4 pages Summary The authors point out the overwhelming need to effectively address the significant problem of spousal emotional abuse in particular. This article is a compilation of information or research concerning the development, validity, and results of the technique of forgiveness therapy (FT) in comparison to alternative treatment (AT) for women who have experienced emotional abuse from a spouse or ‘significant’ other. AT involves anger

Important factors for success in occupational therapy

1605 words - 6 pages profession. The field of occupational therapy serves as a good backdrop for illustrating these principles.The challenge of academic study and university life can be formidable and difficult for many students, therefore the ability to use critical thinking in university plays an integral role in a students' overall success. Academic demands require a higher level of thought processes, quite different from the formalised nature of secondary school

The Return of Women's Leggings as a Replacement for Blue Jeans

1508 words - 6 pages anatomy. Generally speaking, most females would not want to promulgate these details of their bodies, but todays young women apparently thrive on displaying them for the world to see. Leggings started making their comeback to the fashion scene in 2004. Initially worn under dresses, leggings gradually worked their way from being the accent to an outfit, to the focal point. It would be one thing if the only people who wore leggings as pants were

Similar Essays

Hormone Replacement Therapy In Transgendering The Ftm Transsexual

1907 words - 8 pages developing at different times in different parts of the body. While my research is limited to hormone replacement therapy involved in masculinizing a biological female, it should be noted that the psychiatric, psychological, and medical factors that contribute to cases of gender dysforia are major areas of concern in its treatment. The general goal of psychotherapeutic, endocrine, or surgical therapy for persons with gender identity disorders is

Use And Misuse Of Opioid Replacement Therapy In France

1342 words - 5 pages affiliated to a free complementary Universal Health Insurance (“CMU”) for delivery of ORT; therefore, they are probably overrepresented in EGB. In contrast with HDB that is most frequently delivered in retail pharmacies, early treatment with methadone is frequently directly obtained in hospital pharmacies or in centers specialized in the treatment of drug abuse. These deliveries are not reported in EGB. Our results provide nevertheless an

Flaxseed To Reduce Plasma Cholesterol And The Formation Of Atherosclerotic Lesion In Menopausal Women Or Those Deficient In Ovarian Hormones

1685 words - 7 pages of plasma cholesterol and the risk of plaque formation which lead to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previously, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was used to solve this problem. However, it is related to an increased risk of some serious diseases such as ovarian cancer and breast cancer; therefore, a lot of women are turning to a safer way to deal with this problem. Recently, functional foods, foods which have the potential for health protection

Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy In The Intensive Care Unit

3235 words - 13 pages is primarily used to provide an artificial support for the lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Currently there are two types of renal replacement therapy. The original dialysis which we called it hemodialysis used for patients with chronic renal failure, needs the patients to come to hospital 2-3 times per week. This type of dialysis called the intermittent hemodialysis .However the intermittent hemodialysis is