Prenatal Health Care Among Low Income Minority Women

841 words - 4 pages

Two-thirds of infants die during the first month of life due to low birth weight (Lia-Hoagberg et al, 1990). One reason for this outcome is primarily due to difficulties in accessing prenatal care. Prenatal health care encompasses the health of women in both pre and post childbearing years and provides the support for a healthy lifestyle for the mother and fetus and/or infant. This form of care plays an important role in the prevention of poor birth outcomes, such as prematurity, low birth weight and infant mortality, where education, risk assessment, treatment of complications, and monitoring of fetus development are vital (McKenzie, Pinger,& Kotecki, 2012). Although every woman is ...view middle of the document...

I found this study both interesting and disturbing because the treatment for any mother should be the same unless there are complications. The results were based on facts; however, the authors only looked at two races, White and Black. One question that arises is if the recruitment strategy were enhanced, would the addition of Hispanics yield significantly different results in comparison to Blacks?
Furthermore, low-income minority women possess individual barriers in relation to obtaining prenatal health care. These barriers include unawareness and fear about pregnancy, lack of knowledge and perceived importance of care, and lack of social support (Schaffer, Lia-Hoagberg, 1997; Sword, 1999). The socio-economic status of low-income minority women play a part in the individual barriers where being poor seems to lead to different perceptions because of pregnancy. Most low-income minority women live in impoverished areas where daily worries or events bring that burden and fear. In addition, an attempt to discuss the importance of prenatal health care is unlikely to be presented due to minority women lacking trust in the health care system. In order to close the gap, social workers can help navigate and provide available resources for minority women to obtain prenatal health care (Schaffer, Lia-Hoagberg, 1997). I think that with the support from a social worker or “go-to person”, women would be more likely to obtain the care needed. Reason being that social workers can provide a comfortable atmosphere and assess the individual needs of the women to...

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