This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Prescription Medications For The Treatment Of Obesity

2031 words - 8 pages

An epidemic is sweeping through the developed world, threatening millions with disability and death. Is it the dreaded Ebola virus? No, it is obesity. ‘Epidemic’ may sound exaggerated, but the facts speak for themselves: 154 million people worldwide are obese—or more than 20% are over their ideal body weight—including more than 50% of all Americans. More disturbing is the prevalence of childhood obesity, which has jumped dramatically over the past 20 years and now accounts for a doubling in the incidence of diabetes, a 5-fold increase in sleep apnoea and a 3-fold increase in gall bladder disease. The World Health Organization and the US Surgeon General have already warned that obesity is a serious, life-threatening disease. Indeed, as a major risk factor for hypertension, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and possibly certain forms of cancer, obesity exacts a greater toll on health and healthcare costs than either smoking or drinking. In the USA alone, the direct medical costs of obesity-related diseases account for 6% of the nation’s entire health-care budget. Obesity is, in short, a great deal more than a ‘lifestyle’ or cosmetic problem.

This has not been lost on the pharmaceutical industry. Companies know that the worldwide market for an effective treatment for obesity is gargantuan: analysts estimate that an effective and safe drug could generate as much as US$26 billion per year in the USA alone. ‘It is probably the largest pharmaceutical market ever, and carries with it 27–30 dangerous co-morbidities,’ said Louis Tartaglia, Vice President of metabolic diseases at Millennium Pharmaceuticals (Cambridge, MA), who estimates the current annual worldwide market conservatively at US$10–15 billion. If one adds the patients who are obese and diabetic, the number soars even higher, as obesity and diabetes are linked diseases.

The sudden rise in obesity is mainly a result of lifestyle changes, particularly the ready availability of calorie-laden, refined food and a decrease in physical activity. ‘Genes have not changed in the past 50 years, but our eating and exercising habits have,’ said George Yancopoulos, Chief Scientific Officer and President of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals (Tarrytown, NY), one of many companies working on drugs to treat obesity. But it cannot be lifestyle alone. Certain ethnic groups have a higher prevalence of obesity, and the discovery of a number of genes that regulate fat storage point to an interaction between genetic and environmental factors.

Indeed, research on fat metabolism has made large strides forward over the last decade and has challenged some established views. ‘One of the most important advances in obesity research is the realisation that fat is an endocrine tissue,’ said Barbara Kahn, Professor of Endocrinology at Harvard University’s School of Medicine. Another step forward was the discovery of a number of peptides that function as central regulators of food intake and energy homeostasis. These...

Find Another Essay On Prescription Medications for the Treatment of Obesity

Treatment of Morbid Obesity Essay

1958 words - 8 pages The conventional way to treat morbid obesity via bariatric surgery has changed as medicine has evolved over the years. In 1973, Dr. Ward Griffen first performed an open gastric bypass surgery utilizing a modified version of the Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (Smith et al., 2004). This procedure created a 50 mL gastric pouch that had a Roux-limb (Smith et al., 2004). However, in 1999 the medical world changed again when a laparoscopic version of

Treatment of attention deficit hiperactivity medications vs. alternative therapy

1333 words - 5 pages conjunction with behavioral modification. There are many other treatments that prove to be just as affective as medications, without the side effects, in treating ADHD.Behavior therapy is the most common alternative treatment for ADHD. Behavior therapy involves developing a system of dealing with the child's behavior to curtail problem behaviors and increasing self-control and compliance. Two broad sets of techniques are involved. One tries to

Prescription authority for the psychologist

976 words - 4 pages prescriptive authority. The debate centered around two questions, the first question addressed the justification of the APA model of training for prescription privileges which cited the Department of Defense (DoD) demonstration project and training for other professionals with prescription privileges and the second question focused on the impact of training for prescription privileges on university-based departments of psychology, to include curriculum

Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications

2029 words - 9 pages -depressants have provided for those with depression, these prescription drugs have been able to create order in the misfiring of signals in one's brain; a feat that no new studying technique could attempt to accomplish. Regardless of one's personal stance on the subject, the facts are simple. These medications currently under the social microscope of critics that include educators, doctors, peers, politicians etc. are proven methods of treatment for the

The Propriety of Psychotropic Medications in the Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorder in the Pediatric Population: A Review of the Evidence

768 words - 4 pages evaluations of the need to continue medication. An evaluation of the protocol used by The Learning Tree for treatment of PDD reveals compliance with these recommendations. The Learning Tree uses a multimodal, interdisciplinary approach to evaluate, treat, and monitor the treatments provided for children diagnosed with PDD. Children who enter the program are evaluated by a psychiatrist at the initial appointment. Any medications that these children

The Anxiety of Anti-Anxiety Medications

1364 words - 5 pages of these medications is their side effects. They can in fact induce symptoms that they are trying to treat. For a patient suffering from anxiety, occurrences of mania are very dangerous. This is a big risk to take, in my opinion, in hopes that a medicine in some way alleviates an illness that no one has figured out. There are, of course, benefits of this method of treatment. Once researchers figure out the ways in which antidepressants and

The Misusing of Prescription Drugs

1066 words - 5 pages a huge issue with teens because they are always looking for a way to fit in with their peers. Drugs are misused for many different purposes because of the way today’s society is set up. As an alternative to practicing more or studying to improve in ones performance, teens have begun to misuse prescription drugs in order to enhance their performance in their school work and extra curriculum activities instead. A drug known as “kiddie speed” is

The Abuse of Prescription Drugs

1226 words - 5 pages When people hear of prescription drug abuse they think of people that do not have a prescription using the drug for other reasons but this is not always the case. People that get a prescription, may abuse it by misuse of selling them, or by over use. Many different types of prescription drugs are very addictive and used out of control. They can have some serious effects on a person. Why does so many people abuse prescription drugs? Some will

Anti-ghrelin vaccine using a virus-like particles from the Bluetongue Virus (BTV) for obesity treatment

2363 words - 10 pages homeostasis and may become an alternate treatment for obesity, to be used in combination with diet and exercise. Keywords: Obesity, Ghrelin, Vaccine, NS1 protein, The Bluetongue Virus (BTV), Virus-Like Particles Introduction Obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths1. The prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity has been increasing

Programs for the Treatment of Autism

2123 words - 8 pages Programs for the Treatment of Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder first termed by a man by the name of Kanner in 1943. He described a group of children as having severe language, behavior, and social interaction difficulties. These descriptors are what have come to be the core elements of autism today. Autism is characterized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (4th ed.) by a continuum of abnormal development in

The Effects of Obesity for Older People

1158 words - 5 pages arteries) , coronary heart (disease which may lead to a heart attack) and they also can get type 2 of diabetes and it has a lot of psychological symptoms and the one of them is low self-confidence . Treatment: The first treatment for obesity or overweight is doing physical activities ,being physical active and digesting fewer calories would help in many ways ,first it will help in losing weight and getting a healthy body ,and it will strengthen your

Similar Essays

An In Depth Analysis On The Prescription Of Stimulant Medication As A Treatment For Adhd

1681 words - 7 pages for those worried about taking these medications. Usage of stimulant medication has been long suspected of contributing to substance abuse problems later in life. However, according to a variety of new studies, a history of taking stimulant treatment is actually statistically a sign that there will be less substance abuse later in life. One very comprehensive article was written by the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics was

The Overuse Of Psychotropic Medications For Children

2368 words - 9 pages for Mental Disorders (DSM) by members of a task force, a panel of psychiatrist hired by the APA .  None of the diagnoses are supported by objective evidence of physical disease, illness or science.  Jan Eastgate, President of The Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR) believes “the most important thing the public needs to know about psychiatry is the there is no science supporting the system they use for diagnosis and treatment of their

The Ethics Of Psychotropic Medications Essay

3196 words - 13 pages the fact that the American public has come to believe that there is a biological basis to mental illness. **with all that being said, treatment with the use of oral medications was welcomed, because it was a better alternative than ECT. According to Whitaker (2010), in 1955, one in every 468 Americans was hospitalized for mental illness; in 1987, one in every 184 Americans was collecting SSI or SSDI payments for a disabling mental illness; by

Surgical Treatment Of Obesity Essay

691 words - 3 pages A rising health epidemic that America is currently facing today is obesity. This is becoming very wide spread among all races and class levels due in part to the abundance of inexpensive food available, most notably, fast food restraints . There are literally thousands of diet books available but due to the extreme will power many of these programs demand, more and more people are turning to weight loss surgery as a final solution. The most