Preserving China’s Natural Environment
Stopping the grain self-sufficiency policy would preserve China’s natural environment, because increased local grain production have a negative impact on water distribution, which leads to soil degradation and increased cost of preserving the environment. Therefore, abandoning this policy would enable the government to meet its local grain demand at a lower environmental cost.
Water Resource Depletion
China’s grain self-sufficiency policy creates serious sustainability issues in the Chinese ecological environment. The Chinese farm sector does not have an abundant supply of water, and resources are under strain from over usage and degradation due to ...view middle of the document...
It was for this reason that the government decided to come up with land restoration programs. This however did not bear much fruits because most of the land restored was not very productive. Consequently, the country’s agricultural productivity continued to suffer setbacks.
China would only maintain its grain self-sufficiency policy if its government would choose to sacrifice important economic activities. These include construction activities, as well as the development of industries. Alternatively the government could choose to give up its grain self-sufficiency policy in favor of more bilateral trade with other countries across the globe. This would lead to an increase in the country’s productivity in order to maintaining a sustainable environment. This is the case because little land would be devoted to agricultural activities while the rest would be used to pursue other economic activities which seek to increase the country’s exports.
Economically, feeding the country using domestically produced puts a lot pressure on the little arable land available in the country. It may be difficult to sustain the grain self-sufficiency policy because land which could be used for cultivating is increasingly being converted into construction land (OECD, 2013). It is also important to note that other industrial activities are also taking up most of the land that could have been used for agricultural purposes. This has increased pressure on the land that is available for cultivation thus making it difficult for farmers to employ effective farming methods on such land.
In future, if grain productivity has to be increased, then farmers would be required to use more inputs because the size of land available for this economic activity is falling with time. Increased use of inputs may have a negative impact on the productivity due to potential soil degradation and water pollution (Bulte...