Preservation Planning in American Cities
Many of the American cities has recognized historic preservation as one of the key elements of the planning and urban landscape albeit to varying degree. Most of the cities now has some sort of jurisdiction put in place to deal with preserving historic resources. Some of these are even successful in integrating and implementing historic preservation as a part of the overall city master plan. The examples provided include: Charleston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Fort Worth, Phoenix, Kansas City, Seattle and Salt Lake City. But some of cities efforts have been nothing short of keeping the historic preservation as separate activity delinked from the core planning and developmental functions and urban design issues.
The integrated citywide preservation plan that includes an latest physical survey, the related significance and the framework to preserve these historic resources that in turn support all the developmental activities throughout the city would be an ideal scenario as discussed by the author. The difficulties of finding resources for an extensive citywide survey often becomes a hindrance. The coordination and support among different departments of development also becomes an obstacle to these efforts. Hence the goal of the citywide plan should be to draw in new partners in to the process to making it much more connected to the main streams of development and planning policy. The preservation plan should also articulate the vision for the historic preservation in city’s development and future and detail out the integrated strategies that make this vision a possibility.
Different cities around the country as noted earlier carry out different strategies to deal with preservation of historic resources. These include making Free-standing Plans, Comprehensive Plan Chapters, Neighborhood-driven or Area-planning Approaches and Survey-driven Plans. Depending on the degree of the complexity of historic resources these four strategies have worked well for different cities. Some of larger cities have go through the process of citywide preservation plans with summary reports local history, preservation tools and existing policies. The examples include Charleston, Los Angeles, Fort Worth and Salt Lake City. These plans act as the strategic in setting number of goals complimenting the survey and regulation aimed at better integrating the broader developmental framework activities. Part of the reason these cities has gone through this rigorous process is these cities tend to have widely recognized historic resources and long tradition of preservation. The inclusion of preservation as a chapter as part of a larger comprehensive plans is because of pressure or delegation from political or planning authorities that recognize the preservation of historic resources as a significant aspect of planning and built environment issues. This approach always seems to be an addition or an afterthought rather than a...