Presidential Power In A National Crisis

1541 words - 6 pages

Presidential Power in a National Crisis

Presidents of the United States take an oath to uphold the Constitution. In times of crisis, however, presidents are tempted to circumvent the spirit of the Constitution in the name of political expediency. The president of the United States of America is frequently under pressure, which could be for something as simple as dealing with his wife (especially if she's running for the US Senate), but usually the problem is more extensive. Then, the whole nation is affected, and the problem becomes a national crisis. A widespread panic is possible. The president must propose a plan to aid his nation while keeping the public under control. Lincoln. Roosevelt and Truman proposed bills to stop or prevent the national crises that plagued the country.
In 1861, the country was dividing into two and President Lincoln had to reunite the Union. His plan was to start a war between the North and South in order to end the national crisis. In May of 1861, Congress was going through a 9-week emergency period and couldn't pass any laws. Lincoln was given full executive power. This was all he needed to make the practical measures for the war (Sandburg 257).
Lincoln's first move was to start a militia at Ft. McHenry led by General Cadwalader, and invade the home of John Merryman of Baltimore, on May 25 at two in the morning, and took him out of his bed (Sandburg 247). He was taken to Ft. McHenry and held for treason (Sandburg 247).
The next morning, John Merryman's lawyers went to Supreme Court Judge Roger Taney's home near Baltimore, and denied all charges of treason (Sandburg 247). Taney became confused and issued the writ of habeas corpus for General Cadwalader to appear in court with Merryman (Sandburg 247). The writ of the habeas corpus is a legal document which requires the arresting authorities to show just cause for the incarceration of a prisoner or release him. The writ is a fundamental cornerstone of due legal process and can only be disregarded in times of civil emergency.
The general didn't want to go to court and sent staff Colonel Lee with John Merryman. Lee appeared before Judge Taney and stated that the general was busy with other matters (Sandburg 247). The colonel read a statement from Gen. Cadwalader asserting: "John Merryman was charged with treason and was known for holding a commission as a lieutenant in a company in their possession armed hostility against the government" (Sandburg 247). The general's statement added the president would also authorize a suspension of the writ of habeas corpus.
President Lincoln sent word to Chief Justice Taney, explaining that it was his duty to authorize the commanding general's suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in the name of public safety (Sandburg 247).
Congress resumed on August 6th, while Lincoln was making the final measures of his plan (Sandburg 247). The North and South were in a mammoth argument concerning the arrests of southern civil...

Find Another Essay On Presidential Power in a National Crisis

Overcrowding: A Crisis in California Essay

2184 words - 9 pages Overcrowding: a crisis in California “Without health life is not life; it is only a state of languor and suffer – an image of death”, the eminent sage Buddha once said. Whether or not we want to accept it, he was right. This is a quote that reflects the system of imprisonment that currently resides in our society. Prison overcrowding is a conflict in our world today that has been going on for a few decades and no significant solutions have

The Crimean Crisis Is a Soft Power Versus Hard Power Conflict

2495 words - 10 pages . Even though this move is not recognized by the United Nations and the resolution to the conflict is far from being determined, the crisis is still a perfect opportunity for the analysis of the use of political power. The Russian Federation is still a believer in hard power, and has its hopes in the “boots on the ground” approach. On the other hand, the United States, joined with other G8 members, except Russia, is trying to use the soft power

National Identity Crisis in Margaret Atwood’s Through the One-Way Mirror

806 words - 3 pages National Identity Crisis in Margaret Atwood’s Through the One-Way Mirror National identity is one of the most important factors in maintaining a country. It defines one’s nation, culture and everything associated with that country. When it comes to Canada, however, it seems that our national identity has been lost. In Margaret Atwood’s essay “Through the One-Way Mirror,” she effectively questions Canada’s national

Lincoln: Leadership in a Time of Crisis

859 words - 3 pages Lincoln: Leadership in a Time of CrisisBy Rodrigo PalaciosMarch 25th, 2005U.S. History IMs. Lisa Schalla Throughout his life, Abraham Lincoln became known as a man with high morals and strong conviction towards righteousness. Born Feb. 28th, 1809 in Kentucky, Lincoln spent his early youth educating himself and became a Lawyer in Illinois. A series of debates held with Stephen A. Douglas, led Lincoln to winning the presidential election in

Canada in a Youth Suicide Crisis Situation

1874 words - 7 pages Canada in a Youth Suicide Crisis Situation The idea of youth committing suicide mystifies our societal logic. We do not understand the reasons why youth -normally associated with energy, determination and possibilities- turn to such a final act as a solution. Suicide eventually enters all of our lives, either directly or indirectly. However, the situation becomes more cruel and unfair when a youth commits suicide. We can not help but

Charles Darwin: A Theory in Crisis

602 words - 2 pages biology, biochemistry and genetics over the past fifty years, Darwin's theory has become "a theory in crisis."The birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers - They are so different from each other and dependent on each other in a very complex manner. Such relationships have been produce by laws acting around us. As Darwin stated only stronger survives and as ratio of growth to reproduction increases, Struggle for life increases. It is the war

"Why People Don't Help in a Crisis"

721 words - 3 pages When an emergency occurs people almost have the same reaction. And to intervene is not one of them. People often pretend like nothing is happening. They figure it isn?t any of their business. In an article titled ?Why People Don?t Help in a Crisis? by John Darley and Bibb Latene they explain why people don?t involve themselves when emergencies occur. They gave three reasons why people why people react the way they do. As Americans we have been

Obama’s Rhetorical Signature: Cosmopolitan Civil Religion In The Presidential Inaugural Address, Frank, D. A. (2009)

824 words - 4 pages mention of God in the current inaugural situation. In this essay, I wish to argue that Frank neglects paramount ideas that ought to be made explicit because they form the basis of Obama’s inauguration speech. Obama propounds a political philosophy built upon vision of change and hope - an idea Frank disregards. The president acknowledges the problems, reiterates that America always faces and circumvents crisis, and highlights priorities such as

The Need for a National Curriculum in public education

1030 words - 4 pages The Need for a National Curriculum is great. A National curriculum would set what each school would teach for each class, and it would put students more on the same bar as everyone else, regardless of the grade of school they went to. Every kid in the United States should be at the same point of education when they reach College, this would simplify college and erase the problem of "Do my students know this already?" Or "Do they have no clue

Gays in the Military a matter of national insecurity

2021 words - 8 pages the traditionalists who want to keep them out. The result is a compromising 'Don't ask / Don't Tell' policy which prevents recruiters from inquiring about an enlistees sexual preference. The purpose of the military is to kill people and complete the mission at hand. Therefore anything that hinders the military from fulfilling this role is a potential threat to national security and must be looked at in an objective manner. The military's attitude

Obtaining a PhD in power systems engineering

1477 words - 6 pages completing every task assigned to me way ahead of their deadlines; I was eventually given the responsibility of supervising and coordinating the technical staff. When the industrial training program was over, my industry earned me a bonus of #60,000 ($375). I am currently engaged in a one year National Youth Service Corps program for all first degree holders. I am involved in the installation and maintenance of 11kV power lines, 500kVA

Similar Essays

Increase In Presidential Power Essay

648 words - 3 pages the Open-Door Policy authorized by McKinley and issued by Secretary of State John Hay, Hay wanted to secure free commerce and maintain uniform taxes and fees for all nations in the Chinese ports. Both events during McKinley’s presidency expanded the power of presidency dealing with foreign nations as well as set the stage for U.S. commercial expansion. All of these increases of power culminated in the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. A

A Presidential Legacy In Civil Rights

1349 words - 6 pages Within the Civil Rights Movement, many great people come to mind, Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Thurgood Marshall, and many others; but what about the president? President John F. Kennedy had played a large role in civil rights when he was in office, and had aided in a multitude of different programs and actions such as, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, helping with desegregation in schools and universities, and Affirmative Action within the

Was Lincoln’s Actions In Which Violated Civil Liberties And Abused The Presidential Power Justified?

2287 words - 9 pages the Northern states, withdrew a large sum of money from the United States Treasury, arrested and imprisoned two newspaper righters, and the delivery and the content in his Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln’s action in which violated civil liberties and abused the presidential power were justified due to the condition that the nation was enduring. The first violation that Lincoln executed was the suspension of the right of habeas corpus. Habeas

Tidal Power As A Solution To The Energy Crisis

1024 words - 4 pages The energy crisis of the 20th century is well known and a completely understandable problem. Such resources as coal, oil, and natural gas that served as a good material for making different kinds of energy for a long period are rapidly vanishing in today's extreme growth of civilization and technical progress. This emergency made the world think more deeply about the ways of generating power in the future. One of them is a well-known option of